Category Archives: Tibet

Paleomongoloids and Neomongologoids in Northeastern India

Sagar Boro writes, in regard to this piece:

Who are the Nagas??? What about the people of Northeast India like the Bodos, Apatani, Mizo, Kuki and Manipuri?

The Nagas are one of the best examples of a Paleomongoloid that I can think of. They reside, like the rest you listed, in Northeastern India. Sometimes I wonder if the Nagas are Australoids, but they are probably just transtionals. But they are quite primitive and archaic in phenotype. Go look at some photos of them and see.

I do not know of the rest, but I am familiar with the the Mizos are probably Neomongoloids. It is a bit odd to have Neos in this part of the world, but many Burmese are Neos, as are Thais. There are many Neos in Tibet, Bhutan, Sikikim and Yunnan. The Mizos are very advanced. Go look at some photos and see. The women are very beautiful and look sort of like Japanese women or maybe Thai women.

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Are the People of India Caucasians? Yes

A visitor, apparently a Black man, questions whether Indians are Caucasians .

All the people of India are Caucasian? Really?

Your post is not making any scientific or anthropological sense. For how can anyone say that a transient people occupying an area of landmass, which is by far not genetically isolated, could all fall into one indefinable racial group, i.e. Caucasoid? It is obvious to almost anyone with a discerning eye that second probably only to Africa proper that the demographics that make up India or sub-continental Asia is very genetically diverse.

Genetically speaking, there in no such thing as a ‘unique Caucasoid racial group’, let alone any evidence that the genetic and phenotypical dominant features observable amongst many so-called “white Europeans” predates any similar or almost identical genetic phenotypes observable or expressed in most of Asia or Africa.

And besides skin color, which in the case of the so-called “white European Caucasian” is the absence of melanin, basically making their skin literally translucent, all other features are easily phenotypically observable amongst other people who have an older and more diverse genetic variation that has been relatively constant for tens of thousands of years (predating that of so-called “white European Caucasoids”).

At best, the so-called “Caucasoid” who are actually a minority of nomadic people that developed in Western Asia, should, as mentioned previously, be a sub-group of some other more ancient people, such as Dravidians, Australoids, or of course Africans.

The archeological evidence shows that the anomalous phenotype of the “white Caucasoid” is not the earliest found even in Europe proper, or better yet Western Asia, and is one of the most recent derivations of Homo sapiens.

Indians that have a broad phenotypic appearance and range of skin color that is similar to that of sub-Saharan Africans, do not have to identify with Africans, that’s their choice.

But it is sad that these same Indians who post here, being some the earliest to migrate out of Africa, acquiesce to European folklore to allow white Europeans to thrust upon them their erroneous and nonscientific racial standards.

These standards subgroup and defines Indians via of an obscure geographic region, the Caucasus Mountains, a region chosen to define the mythological origins of all “white people”, who in all actuality, are actually the Indian’s former colonial masters (what a coincidence).

This is a typical comment we receive on the Indian race posts. This person may be a Black person from his tone.

The question of the race of the Indian people can be determined in a few different ways. One way is to look at their genes. If we do, it is clear that most Indians have genes that line up fairly well with the rest of the Caucasian or Caucasoid group.

If we have to put Indians into different major races – Asian, Caucasian, Australoid, or Black, we are forced to put them into Caucasian. And there is no smaller major race that they can be lumped into either – Negritos, Oceanians and Amerindians won’t suffice. They are closer to Caucasoids than they are to any of those other groups, so they must go into that category by default.

It is true that Indians are one of the most divergent Caucasoid groups out there. The others are the Kalash, a group from Pakistani Chitral that is sometimes considered to be a major race of their own and the Berbers, a Caucasoid group that is so divergent that they are barely into the Black quadrant on some charts.

Indians are divergent in the direction of Asians. If we plot them on graphs, Indians will look like Caucasians, but they will be at a far end of the Caucasian spectrum heading over towards the Asian end.

We can also look at skulls. Looking at skulls, we see that the vast majority of Indians have Caucasian looking skulls, that is, their skulls look more Caucasian than anything else. Some South Indians such as Tamils actually have Australoid skulls, but their genes are Caucasoid. What race you put them in depends on the system you use.

There are people in Northeast India who are clearly Asians and not Caucasians. In this part of India, Asian or Caucasian can best be determined phenotypically. Looking at genes and skulls, many Northeast Indians will indeed plot as Asians.

In the northwest of India, one can also see some Asian genes, though the people are mostly Caucasian. Punjabis have ~14% Asian genes in them, probably from the Stans and possibly from the Tibetan region.

Nepal is a very mixed bag racially, with many both Caucasoid and Asian types and a lot of mixes.

The visitor does make an interesting point – he suggests that Dravidians may actually be “ancient Caucasians.” I believe there may be some truth to that. The classical European White man is a pretty new model bipedal vehicle.

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Filed under Anthropology, Asia, East Indians, India, Nepal, Physical, Race/Ethnicity, Regional, South Asia, South Asians, Tibet

“Obama’s Anti-China Stratagems – Drumbeats Of War,” by Peter Tobin

An excellent piece by Peter Tobin, who is a Marxist, on how US imperialism appears to be threatening China and trying to encircle that country. Indeed, US imperialists are very afraid of China. The motto of the ultra-impieralist neoconservative crowd around George Bush seemed to be “Get China!” Richard Perle, Super-Jew, Cold Warrior and one of the most vicious US imperialists of all, was quoted as saying that if China continued on its present trends of economic and military development, war with the Chinese was probably inevitable within 20 years.

This same crowd, which included Rumsfeld, Cheney, Wolfowitz and other punks, also listed Western Europe as a “US enemy” and suggested various projects to screw the Europeans, who were economic competitors.

I have always said that capitalist nations, by their very nature, have no allies, none. They can’t have any, as they out to screw over every other country on Earth. I don’t want to screw over all the other countries. I want to grow together with them. Solidarity over imperialism and realpolitik and Great Games. That’s one reason I’m a socialist.

Lenin was correct. Capitalism leads to imperialism and imperialism leads directly to war. Around World War 1, only the socialists were sounding the alarm, saying that the war was really just a mad capitalist grab for land and resources. They were right; that’s exactly what WW1 was.

Similarly, WW2 was another mad rush for land and resources on the part of the Axis Powers, who were eating sour grapes because they felt they had been locked out of the colonialism game, which the West had fenced off by colonizing most of the world. The Axis said, reasonably enough, “We want colonies too!”

Of course colonialism was always a capitalist and imperialist project. For all the blather about “White man’s burden,” ultimately colonialism was and still is (in its modern form of neocolonialism) all about the loot.

In the conflict below of the US Empire versus China, my heart lies with the Chinese people.

Obama’s Anti-China Stratagems – Drumbeats Of War

US economic and military muscle-flexing in the Pacific and specifically its unilateral intervention into the complex maritime issues among the countries contiguous to the South China seas has led the Chinese to warn about ‘outside forces’ getting involved in disputes that it argues should be settled bilaterally.

What is at stake is a region that carries one-third of the world’s seaborne trade and over half of its oil and gas transport and where there are known to be massive petroleum resources waiting to be exploited.

America is also attempting to tie China to increased free trade arrangements through the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC). It has signed bilateral free trade deals with eight Pacific Rim countries to the exclusion of the ‘economically unreformed’ China. There has also been increased pressure in the long-running dispute regarding an undervalued Chinese Yuan which the US alleges costs American jobs by using ‘unfair currency practices’ to undervalue and effectively dump Chinese goods on western markets.

But the most ominous development has been the increased focus on military presence to counter China’s growing naval power. E.g. the Chinese Navy has recently commissioned its first aircraft carrier, the Varyag, a clear challenge to the hitherto US domination of the Pacific. Hu Jintao has further announced a increase in naval strike capacity as a ‘preparation for war.’

In this regard, an important first for the Pentagon war-planners was the agreement to deploy 2,500 Marines plus naval ships and aircraft to a base in Darwin, Australia commencing next year.

America, before it dominated the world by ‘land, sea and air’ was a maritime empire in the Pacific, emerging in the last decades of the 19th Century. The blue-water strategy was driven to a great extent by the perceived need to penetrate the untapped Chinese market, known as the ‘Open Door’ policy. The phrase that encapsulated America’s global ambition was ‘Manifest Destiny’, i.e. the belief that Americans were God’s people whom he had chosen to shape the world. Starting with Asia, the precept was: “Westward the course of Empire takes its sway.”*

Significantly this continued expansion across the Pacific was underpinned and legitimized by the new theory of geopolitics which asserted that national powers do not act for moral reasons, although they may claim to, but for strategic ones. Securing unfettered access to resources, controlling markets and military domination are what drive empires and any stratagem that secures long-term hegemony in these areas is justified. It furthermore theorized that future empires would be resource-driven and therefore would have to be continental powers before all else.

The American empire for all its attitudinizing about ‘freedom’, ‘liberty’ and ‘democracy’ has in fact followed the logic of the theory’s principal advocates, Admirals Mahan and Mackinder, with regard to ‘realpolitik’ – the realization that securing national advantage required the ruthless application of power necessary to build and sustain an empire.

All of these elements can be traced in recent US activity in the region and this activity is meant to remind any potential usurpers that, whatever the rate of relative economic and political decline, the US is still the number one world power and retains overwhelming military superiority over all others. Note that the USA constitutes only 3% of the world’s population but is responsible for over half of its military expenditure.

“Violence Is As American As Cherry Pie.” (H. Rap Brown)

That fact that the US empire is able to refocus, diplomatically, economically and military, on the rising threat of China while, among other things, fighting a major war in Afghanistan, threatening war against Iran, fomenting civil war in Syria, bankrolling the military machine of the Israeli settler state and initiating this year by Presidential decree a military presence in sub-Saharan Africa, demonstrates the flexibility and strength of the Empire and its continuing global military dominance.

The Empire has also intensified is its warmongering ethos. America is a society saturated in cultural, personal and institutional violence, racism, anti-communism and militarism. As its economic power declines, it is therefore conditioned to resort to even use of force to maintain domination. As the Black Panther leader, H. Rap Brown, (above) pointed out: violence and its glorification are in America’s historical DNA.

Its latest interventions in the Pacific and South China Seas therefore have all the classic ingredients for later imperial war by provocatively laying yet more bricks in the wall around China. They also march in step with the present diplomatic initiative made by US Secretary of State Clinton who made a recent visit to Myanmar to try to woo that nation from its long-standing Chinese alliance.

In their turn these projects march in step with the rest of the joined-up strategy in SE Asia which, while having other economic and political objectives, has the geopolitical strategy of encircling and hobbling China.

Thus its involvement in Afghanistan is as much about extirpating a Islamist threat as part of its ongoing ‘War On Terror’ as it is to securing access to the petroleum resources of the many ‘Stans’ in Central Asia and to having a standing army or militarized client state in the region as a counterweight to the now well-established continental power across the border.

Similarly, its post 9/11 embrace of Gyenandra and subsequent funding of the expansion of the King’s army by over 20,000 personnel and provisioning of huge amounts of arms and military equipment to that army was as much about defeating the communist revolution in Nepal as it was about getting another footing on the same border.

The relationship between US and Nepalese militaries continues to  strengthen to this day as joint strategy meetings at command level take place in the US embassy and joint visits are common. In fact the NA High Command in August attended a US Navy-convened maritime conflict scenario conference in sunny California! What is a land-locked country doing being represented there?

The Nepalese Maoists tried, after Powell’s visit in 2002, to point this out to the Chinese in an attempt to forge common cause, at least among equally threatened parties, if not actual comrades. The Chinese noted their points.

The new strategic alliance with India show the multifaceted interests of US imperialism in action.

Among these are 1) the increasing penetration of neoliberal global capitalism into the Indian market and society beginning with the Memos of Understanding (MOUs) initiated by Bush in 2006, 2) granting India a pass card in relation to its nuclear power obligations, 3) the insertion of American and Israeli military advisers into counterinsurgency where they assisted with the planning and execution of the genocidal Operation Green Hunt which has claimed the lives of many Adivasis and communists (the most recent being Comrade Kishenji), and 4) being granted a potential anti-China launching platform.

The establishment of this new alliance was facilitated by the White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) American oligarchs sharing a strong class bond with the Hindutva Brahminical Indian oligarchs.

Anti-China from Communism to Capitalism

The hostility to People’s Republic dates to its communist origins in 1949. American reactionaries had armed and supported the Chaing Kai-shek-led Bonapartist, feudal, comprador Koumintang (KMT) against the communists, and their overwhelming defeat by the PLA was seen as a ‘betrayal’ by ruling circles in America. It directly contributed to the anti-communist hysteria and show trials of the McCarthy period.

It also led to America fighting a proxy war against China when the CIA funded and armed Tibetan Yellow-Hat Gelugpa separatists in their 1959 uprising, a failed attempt to restore their pre-1950 medieval theocratic slave society. India had facilitated this by allowing the Lamists, under CIA guidance, to establish a base in Khalimpong which even Nehru referred to as “a nest of spies.”

It further saw the attempt by the CIA to establish a Khampa base in Nepal’s Mustang region for the purposes of cross-border raids. This was destroyed by the RNA in 1974.

The ripples of this policy are still clearly evident in the financial, diplomatic and political support given to the Gyatso clique in the figurehead of the Dalai Lama. The same network also funds their monasteries in Nepal and the network’s presence is evident in the number of monks you see loafing around in Kathmandu talking on expensive cell-phones.

America still uses Tibetan ‘Human Rights’ as a club to beat Nepal with as evident from the threat last week to withdraw specific funding if the Nepalese government would not guarantee safe passage for renegade Tibetan/Chinese using Nepal as a transit station and for agitprop activities.

Aside from these specific policies during the 1950s, there was also a massive propaganda campaign in the West to paint Chinese communism as the ultimate ‘totalitarian’, ‘ant-hill’ society and threat to human ‘freedom’. This went hand-in-hand with the cosying up to the more ‘moderate’ communism of the USSR in the era of ‘Détente’.

This sustained vitriolic brainwashing provided the ideology that the American ruling class utilized in the wars it launched against Korea, Vietnam, Kampuchea and Laos beginning in the early fifties. Its earlier drive to empire saw it slowly choke, provoke and finally sweep aside the indigenous westernizing Japanese empire, but post-1945 it was beaten decisively in three and stalemated in one of these later unprovoked aggressions.

All these protean efforts were galvanized by the aim of establishing itself as the major continental power in SE Asia, following Mahan and Mackinder’s advice.

The emergence of China as a state-capitalist concern, following the termination in the mid 1970s of the period of communist construction, was wholeheartedly embraced by the US dominated west, as it provided cheap goods to sate its obsessive consumerist society. Later, with the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was yet another proof that capitalism was triumphant everywhere and that history was effectively at an end.

The hostility has resurfaced as established Western capitalism has become mired in a decade-long financial crisis, caused essentially by substituting metaphysics for materialist criteria in the law of value, in short: speculation instead of production.

China’s new type of state-planned capitalism, where land and the finance sector are state-controlled and where the state-directed economy is production oriented has proved more resilient. It is an historical irony that erstwhile communists have proved to be the more efficient capitalists.

What is happening is that within the era of the capitalist mode of production, the torch is being taken from a declining power and passed on to a rising power. Thus it has reawakened American hostility to China. Hence we have Emperor Obama, lecturing the Chinese prior to the recent East Asia Summit about its need to be a ‘grown up’ economy and for it to stop ‘gaming the system’ (i.e. getting the better of the Americans).

America has had designs on China for well over a century; during that period it has variously tried to contain, defeat, subvert, and control China, all of which have come to total failure. China is getting stronger in every sphere despite America’s efforts, and that is what makes war more likely at some point in the coming decades.

Encircle America

The US state is presently the most dangerous threat to world peace and progress. It is a state built on genocide and slavery and which through creating a post-1945 military/industrial economy has become increasingly dependent on war economically, technologically and strategically as a solution to all problems. Consider that while it is engaged in massive reductions in state expenditure along with all the other developed capitalist nations in crisis, it is increasing military expenditure.

This is a sure sign that it foresees an increasing need for force to maintain its hegemony. So America’s very conditions of existence make it gung-ho, trigger-happy and create a culture of impunity. The absence of a socialist bloc further encourages the tendency to act unilaterally and murderously.

It shows that contradictions within differing types of expanding capitalist societies are becoming increasingly antagonistic in the global jostle for power and resources.

It is why Lenin stressed that great power rivalry under imperialist capitalism inevitably leads to hostilities and that therefore imperialism is war – continual war – and why Mao added:

In order to end (imperialist) war we must make (People’s) war.

American imperialism remains, even intensifies, as the principal contradiction facing the world proletariat. The US is the heart and head of international reaction. Domestically its progressive and proletarian forces are outnumbered and beleaguered, but as the recent upsurge in class struggle around the Wall Street occupations has shown, they are not negligible or without fighting spirit.

The further these domestic contradictions intensify, the weaker will become the cohesion required to withstand the external revolutionary threat. That is why struggles everywhere are symbiotically fused and why this century will be the battleground where reaction and revolution will contend.

At the moment, the fact remains that the US with its vast and expanding military-industrial complex remains the arsenal of fascism and as such is a threat both to human progress and survival. It is this ‘Evil Empire’ that must itself be encircled and smashed by world revolution. As Rosa Luxemburg wrote the choice for humanity is stark:

Socialism or barbarism.

*The obverse of the ideology of American ‘exceptionalism’ in this instance led to the specific racist view of Chinese as the “Yellow Peril’, a paranoia created by the influx of cheap ‘coolie’ labour brought in from the mid-19th century to work the goldfields and build the railways, particularly the transcontinental track.

They died in their thousands, unmourned and despised by the nation they were serving. As soon as they were no longer useful, the US government adopted a series of controls over further Chinese immigration beginning with the 1875 Page Act, moving on to the 1885 Chinese Exclusion Act, etc. and culminating in the 1922 Cable Act, which declared that Chinese were not racially acceptable as American citizens. The term ‘Yellow Peril’ was a precursor to the later ‘Red Menace,’ which similarly saw ‘Asian hordes’ swarming the barricades of western ‘civilization’.

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Optimal IQ’s for Various Groups

Hey Rob! The 106 figure given for East Asians is highly suspicious. It seems like these are taken directly from SAT’s in which East Asians are overrepresented vs. all other groups that are underrepresented (save Jews and Indians).

105 in fact seems to be the absolute bottom end of East Asian IQ, which what poorest provinces of China as well as Mongolia get.

Zhejiang’s IQ was determined to be 115-116 (Raven’s).

This is Zhejiang’s (52 million people) performance on the recent PISA. It’s roughly 1 full SD over the highest white scores.

Koreans and Japanese reaction times far outperform their alleged 105-106 IQ’s (110-112 for adults has been found, and most recently 110 was found for Nagoya or another city in Japan)

WNs, neo-Nazis and Klansmen grudgingly admit to higher East Asian IQ’s but refuse to acknowledge that

1) Chinese and Sino-Tibetans are genetically distinct from other high IQ groups like the Koreans and Japanese

2) the North Chinese and Mongols are far more “pure-blooded” as far as East Asians go than either Koreans or Japanese

3) the place where Chinese most likely evolved into what they are, Tibet, is one of the coldest places on earth. It’s called the third pole for a reason.

4) IQ tests are biased in their age norming

5) the dumbest whites simply are not tested

6) East Asian societies are far more egalitarian than people realize, which means there’s much less of a rural-urban gap and much less selection bias

All non-white IQ’s are essentially grossly understated due to some combination of bias or poor nutrition.

I’d put optimal genotype IQ as follows:

North Coastal China: 115-118
South Coastal China: 112-116
Generalized Japanese/Korean: 110-112
Generalized Northern Euros: 97-102
Generalized Southern Euros: 92-102
Generalized Indian: 92-96 (they suffer from poor environment)
Sub-Saharan Africans: 85ish (malnutrition and poor education, but age bias favors them)

Everyone else (excl. Ashkenazi/Eastern Euros) I’d take Lynn’s latest and then tack on some 5-10 points. The IQ of Chinese in the traditional centers of learning and wealth are grossly underestimated.

This is nice stuff. Finally, an optimistic post about IQ. It is amazing that the people of Zhejiang have IQ’s of 116, but it doesn’t necessarily surprise me. I had always heard that the E. Asian IQ was 105, but the East Asians I kept meeting seemed so much smarter than that. A lot of them seemed smarter than I was! The numbers just did not seem to add up.

Another thing I noticed was the effortlessness of E. Asian achievement. My East Asian friends used to laugh at me for studying.

“Bob? Why do you study? We never study. Haha.” They got straight A’s.

“You never study?” I would ask.

“Maybe a little bit, the night before a test.”

This is something I have always known about smart people. My Mom used to work for a psychologist as a secretary. He administered IQ tests, among other tests.

He was brought up to believe that the high scorers studied all the time. So he would ask them if they studied a lot. The highest scorers often said that they hardly ever studied because the work was simply too easy. Often those scoring much lower said that they studied all the time, but still struggled to barely make good grades. He was getting ready to throw out the whole “People are smart because they study all the time,” thing.

He was also very liberal. But after giving IQ tests for 25 years, he was starting to wonder. The Jews and Asians scored highest, then the Whites, and then the Blacks. He also said that Mormons were “very nice, but dumb.” Welcome President Romney.

Asian scores may indeed be higher than what they seem, but this remains to be demonstrated. Surely the Zhejiang scores are very high. This makes the Zhejiang people as smart as Jews, with 3 times the population. The Protocols of the Elders of Zhejiang anyone?

It is interesting that the Chinese may have evolved in Tibet, one of the coldest places on Earth. That is if we are to put any weight on the cold = high IQ theory of IQ. I am not sure about huax’s points 4-6. I am also not sure about his optimized phenotypic IQ scores for Asia. However, the ones for Europe may be about right.

For India, he may be onto something. Indian IQ’s are low – at 82, lower than US Blacks at 87. However when Indians move to the West, the resulting scores tend to be ~92-96. There is of course the question of selection bias – that we are only getting the smartest of Indians. Yet Indian IQ’s are just as high in the UK, where any old Indian can immigrate, and they have not had boatloads of IT immigrants.

The optimal Black IQ may indeed be ~85. The US Black IQ is 87, but they have 15% White admixture. The UK Black IQ (mostly Jamaican) is 86, but they have 9% White admixture. At any rate, African and Caribbean IQ’s can conceivably rise to ~85 under optimal conditions. A lot of people are pessimistic about Africa, but in terms of IQ, the future may indeed be bright. We could be seeing substantial IQ rise in Africa in the future. Considering all of Africa’s problems, rising IQ can only benefit the continent.

It’s depressing to think that Black IQ may have ceilinged out in the US and UK. Nevertheless, Western Blacks have benefited greatly from moving to the West. If they had stayed in Africa or the Caribbean, their IQ’s would be 67-71. They love to complain about Western racism, but it looks like in addition to a lot of racism, we also donated about 15 IQ points to them. And you’re welcome.

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Bigfoots are Found in Most of the World

Warning: Long, runs to 52 pages.

Bigfoots or relict hominids range over much of the planet, mostly in heavily forested regions or in very high mountains.

In North America, Bigfoots range from the Mexican border to Alaska, across the Canadian Arctic and even the Canadian Islands, down to Labrador and Prince Edward Island over to Greenland. They are probably most common of all in the Lower Fraser River area of British Colombia, in the Mt. St. Helens area of Washington and in Oregon just across the Washington border along the Colombia River and southwest of Portland .

40,000 Bigfoot sightings have been reported, and tens of thousands of tracks have been found, some extending for miles. Countless track casts have been made. Bigfoot scat from Ohio was examined, and it was determined that it came from a nonhuman digestive tract.

A giant Bigfoot, 12 feet tall, was seen at Pitt Lake in British Colombia in July 1965.

The Eskimos say that there was a large race of hairy relict hominids living in the area when the Eskimos showed up. They were not as smart as men, and they fought amongst themselves all the time. They made primitive bone and stone tools and lived in primitive circular encampments of large stones with whale rib and skin roofs. When seen by Eskimos, they were shy and retiring. Eskimos to this day call them Toonijuk.

The Toonijuk existed into the 20th Century in Greenland but were driven into deep and inaccessible valleys by the Eskimos. They preferred rotten meat and did not know how to dry skins, but instead wore them wet as clothing. They also used skins as bedding. They were reported by Rasmussen as late as 1910.

Scherman records them as late as 1902 on Southampton Island in Canada. Toonijuk lived in underground homes. They had a type of primitive cooking pottery and some primitive weapons. They were excellent hunters who could call game by voice or gesture, and they were extremely strong.

The ruins of a Toonijuk village was found by Scherman on Bylot Island, Canada in 1955. They found sleds, a burial zone with huge rocks over the bodies and large earthen mounds. They also found utensils, bow and arrows, strings, darts and lances, most of them carved of bone. The people were very small, only four feet tall.

The Toonijuk type in Alaska is called Arulataq. They differ in having long, flowing hair as opposed to the short, thick hair of the Toonijuk.

A race of tiny, hairy, 2-3 foot high people is said to live on Hawaii. They were called Menehune. They seem to have been non-human. In 1786, under the reign of King Kaumaulii, 2,000 people lived in Wainiha Valley. Of these, 65 of them Menehune. In 1940, a school superintendent and two classes of kids, 40 in total, saw a Menehune on Waimea. Sightings have continued up until 1989 on Kauai. Existence dubious.

A race of tiny, hairy, gnome-like people is said to exist in North America and Mexico all the way down to Honduras, where they are called the Duende. They are mostly known from Indian folklore, but some Indians insist that they are real. The only evidence is sightings, mostly in the New Mexico-Colorado area, but those seem to have tapered off since the 1930’s. They are said to live underground. Tiny arrowheads have also been found, but it is not known who made them. They are said to be hostile to humans.

A 14 inch skeleton is known from California, but it is not known what it is. There is one recent sighting from New Mexico. It was described as “not human.” A smaller type, the 3-5 ft. Duende, is found in Yucatan, Guatemala and Belize. Footprints were found in Guatemala in 2004. In Belize, they live in jungles in the south of Belize. Existence probable.

In Mexico, this type is called the Aluxob. It lives in Yucutan, where it is mostly seen by Mayans but also by Mexicans and US tourists. The most recent reports are from 2007. They are not hairy. The Maya say that the Aluxob are their ancestors. It is not known whether or not the Aluxob are fully human.

Relict hominids have been reported in Latin America. They are found along the highlands from Chiapas south to the Andes, and from Colombia south to Bolivia and Chile. Some are also found on certain Chilean islands and in the Guyana Massif.

However, in the Yucatan, Guatemala and Belize region, the Indians talk about a creature named Sisemite or Ulak, which is a Bigfoot type. It ranges along the highest mountain peaks. The locals describe it as just another animal in the forest. Approximately 5-6 feet tall, it is covered in hair that grows almost to the ground.

In 1898, a Sisemite was killed in Honduras, and another was shot dead in Panama in 1920. As of 1967, they were said to still exist in the Sierra Madre Occidental, Chiapas, Guatemala and Costa Rica. There have been sightings in the past 40 years in Honduras in the Guaranta Mountains north of the lower Rio Coco. Existence probable.

The variety in Ecuador and Colombia on the eastern slopes of the Andes, the Shiru, is small, 4-5 feet tall. There is also a type in this region that is 6 feet tall. In the 1800’s, a Shiru was shot dead in Colombia, and another was shot dead in Ecuador. Existence unknown to extinct.

The Guyanas variety, the Didi, is larger, 5 feet tall. It has red hair, is bulky and makes “hoo” sounds. The Didi is known from Guyana, Suriname and the Brazilian uplands. In 2005, a Didi reportedly abducted two children, a boy and a girl, in Guyana. Local reports indicate that the Didi has claws, which seems impossible for a hominid. At the moment, the Didi seems highly cryptic. Existence unknown to possible.

From the high Andes of Peru, Bolivia and Chile, there is a very large relict hominid, 6-9 feet, tall. They are called the Ucu, Ucumar or Ukumar-zupia. There have been many sightings since 1950, and local people had stories dating far back before that. It is fond of a plant called the Payo, the inside of which is like a cabbage.

A race of little people is sometimes seen in the Amazon. They are called pygmies, dwarves or leprechauns. They are probably just a race of very short Indians, but they may be another species. The evidence for their existence is poor.

The hominids from the Amazon in Brazil, mostly the states of Mato Grosso, Acre and Pará, the Mapinguary or Maricoxi, are said to be huge, up to 15 feet tall. The best reports come from northeast of the Paresis Range in Mato Grosso near the border with Santa Cruz Province in Bolivia. It has red hair, long arms, a sloping forehead and “bottle” footprints. It smells bad and makes roars and booming noises. It is reported to rip the tongues out of cows when it kills them.

In one report by a Western explorer, the Mapinguaries were found in a village. They used horns to make calls, lived in villages with primitive shelters, made bows and arrows, and killed and ate the local Indians.

According to one theory, the Mapinguary is nothing but the supposedly extinct giant ground sloth. It was quite large when it stood upright. However, it went extinct 13,000 years ago. Existence uncertain but possible.

Also in Mato Grosso is a shorter type that kills local Indians for food and slow cooks them over a fire on sticks.

There is yet another type called Morcegos, Cabedullos or Tatus that lives in caves in the ground and is nocturnal. They have a very highly developed sense of smell that almost seems like a sixth sense. The most recent sighting was from Acre in December 1998.

The Salvaje is a giant bipedal ape 3-5 feet tall that lives in Venezuela. Its existence is quite uncertain due to it’s being tied in with the Loy’s Ape, which was nothing more than a hoaxed photo of a spider monkey.

Relict hominids exist in Russia, where they are known as Almas, among other names. Two types, the Almas and the Golub-Yavan, are found mostly in the area from Altai down through the Tian Shan to the Pamir Range, encompassing parts of Mongolia, China, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. In the high mountains, they mostly live at 8,000-12,000 feet, sometimes descending to raid crops.

The ones in the Pamirs are called Golub-Yavan. The Golub-Yavan live in the Pamirs and Tian Shan Mountains and in Eastern Kazakhstan, where they are called Ksy-gyik. They may extend to the Kunlun Range in China, the Karokorams in north Pakistan and the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan. They live in caves.

A Golub-Yavan was shot dead in 1925 in Tajikistan and was buried under a pile of rocks. Another was shot dead and buried in 1967. A traveler, Johannes Schiltberger, journeying through the Tian Shan Mountains in the 1402 reported two captive Golub-Yavan.

17-inch Golub-Yavan footprints were seen in the Altalinsky Mountains of Kyrgyzstan in 2001. Golub-Yavans have long been known in this region. They prey on mountain goats and rodents and live in the highest peaks of this country. They have even been known to kill wolves. A possible Golub-Yavan graveyard with huge bones was found in a cave in Tajikistan in the early 1900’s, but locals fled in fear that the Golub-Yavans would come back and attack them.

There may be both short and tall varieties of the Golub-Yavan, as a 4’9 one was recorded from the southern shore of Balkhash Lake in Eastern Kazakhstan in 1963. The most recent sighting in Kazakhstan was in 1981. There are many sightings around the Balkhash Lake region.

Golub-Yavans are also found in Afghanistan in the Badakhshan region where Afghanistan, Tajikistan and India all come together. The last sighting was in 1949.

A Golub-Yavan was sighted in Kashmir in 2003.

The hominid type found in Yakutia is called the Mulen. Many Mulen were killed during the Russian Civil War when people moved into uninhabited areas.

There is another hominid type in Tajikistan called the Gul that may or may not be the same animal as Golub-Yavan.

There are many reports of Almas from Mongolia. The most recent sighting was in 1974.

In 1939, two Almas were shot dead in Mongolia during skirmishes between Soviet and Japanese forces. The bodies disappeared. Russian pediatrician Ivan Ivlov saw a family of Almas in the Mongolian Altai in 1963. He observed them at a distance of one mile through his binoculars. He later asked some of his patients about them and received many detailed reports.

People in Soviet Central Asia say that in the past there was a long war between the humans and the Almas, with the humans winning. The result of the war was that the Almas retreated into the most remote areas. Almas are smaller than Bigfoots. Usual height is about 5-6.5 feet.

Almas are also known from the Caucasus, where we have many reports, including reports of recent breeding with humans in the late 1800’s, photos of 1/4 Almas-human offspring and a skull of a 1/4 Almas-human from Abkhazia. There are 500 sightings in Karbardino-Balkaria alone.

In the Caucasus, they are mostly found in the southern part of Kabardino-Balkaria, mainly in the higher elevations. Before the 1960’s, they were much tamer and had fairly good relations with the local humans. Shepherds living alone in their shacks sometimes took up with Almas females. Children were sometimes produced by these relations. One shepherd tried to leave his Almas, and she become so angry that she killed him.

The Almas of Mongolia and Siberia are also said to breed with humans on occasion. The offspring are often very ugly – more so than the the Almas themselves. But they are often very gifted and talented in many fields, possibly more than most humans.

The people of the region often leave food for the Almas, whom they pity. In the small town of Elbrus high in the mountains, everyone has seen an Almas. People put food out for them every night. Around Elbrus, the Almas have become more common in recent years with the collapse of the grazing economy. Almas have taken to living in some of the abandoned shepherd sheds.

Almas of the Caucasus look more human than most other relict hominids types. Their faces are hairless and appear more human than the North American Bigfoots. Almas are reportedly to be extremely strong.

They are covered in hair, which is often reddish. However, the long, pendulous breasts of the females are hairless. The females sometimes throw their breasts over their shoulders as they run. Almas, especially the females, sometimes steal clothes, which they somehow manage to put on. Some female Almas wear a sort of loincloth over their waist. An Almas was seen in recent years wearing a dress with a large hole in the back. Local human women fear the Almas women, who reportedly try to tempt local human men into sexual relations with them.

There was a long decline in Almas numbers from the 1960’s-early 1990’s, but since 1993, the numbers seem to have stabilized, and there is no longer a decline. Many young Almas have been seen. Almas in the area are stealthy are rarely seen. They live in the many caves of the region. In the past, they appeared on the outskirts of towns. Around World War 2, one Almas lived in a village garden for an entire summer.

Almas are generally not dangerous, but locals are still afraid of them. The local humans in general do not harm the Almas. The Almas are primitive and have no known language, though they can repeat phrases in a parrot-like fashion. There are suggestions that they may be a relict Neandertal type. They are called by some experts “retarded Neandertals.” They seem incapable of advanced human reasoning, but they are great at hiding. They communicate only with loud “boom” noises.

An Almas corpse was found in 2000 near Elbrus, but the finder buried it, and subsequent trips to look for it were not successful. In 2007, A British researcher organized a trip to the region to search for the Almas. They did not see any, but they came back with scat, hair and bones which they intended to try to sequence for DNA.

Two Almas have been killed in Chechnya during the fighting in recent years, one by government forces and one by rebels. Almas have done well during the fighting and are often said to increase their numbers during wartime for some reason. In 1941, Soviet soldiers captured an Almas in Dagestan. It was covered in hair but was unable to speak, yet they felt it was human. They shot it, fearing it was a German spy. The body vanished.

The people of the Caucasus, similarly to the people of Soviet Central Asia, say that in the past there was a lengthy war between the humans and the Almas, with the humans winning. As a result, the Almas retreated into the most forbidding areas.

The Yetis in the north of Russia are called Gyona Pel.

Those in Siberia are called Chuchuna. In the 1920’s , Tatyana Zakharova and other Evenki villagers saw a 7-foot tall Chuchuna wearing a deerskin eating berries at Khoboyuto Creek. It ran away when it saw the humans. In the northern region of Russia, Yetis are often described as a whitish-grey. The Yetis north of the Arctic Circle are said to be as white as a polar bear.

Russian scientist Maya Bykova saw a Chuchuna in 1987. It was black with a white patch on its arm. These types are called “marked hominids.” They have been known to approach humans, trade with them, and communicate with them nonverbally.

Almas in the Altai region are found in Altai Province, Tuva Province, Khakass Province, and the Kazakh Altai, in and around the Altai and Sayan Mountains. Almas have recently moved out of the Altai and over to the Shoria Mountains in the Kuzbass due to forest fires in the Altai. Sightings in the Shoria Range date from 2010.

Similar to people in the Caucasus and Soviet Central Asia, the people of the Altai tell of a long war in the past pitting the humans against the Almas, with the humans winning. The result was that the Almas withdrew to the most remote regions.

An Almas was captured along the southern border of Altai Province in the 1830’s. It was kept for one day and then freed. In the Kazakh Altai sometime in the late 1800’s, another Almas was captured. Around the same time, a hunter found some Almas children in a cave. The parents returned quickly and attacked the hunter. He fired his gun at them.

Long ago, residents of the Altai used to leave food out for the Almas at night. Tracks would often show that an Almas collected the food. In 1938-39, an Almas was caught in Khakass Province and brought to Abakan, where it was kept in an iron cage as a show. It is not known what happened to it. Tracks were found in the Sayan Range in 1952. In 1962, scat was found on Abakan Mountain at 7,500 feet and was so unusual that it was brought to Moscow for testing.

The Tuvans refer to the Almas as their ancestors, but say that they are dangerous and that they carry humans off.

Yetis are known from the Crimean Peninsula, the lower Volga, the area around Moscow, Kostroma Province, Arkhangelsk Province, Kirov Province, the Komi Republic, Karelia, the Kola Peninsula, Chelyabinsk Province, Tyumen Province(mostly the far north and far south), and the western part of Krasnoyarsk Province to the Yenisei River and over to Yakutia where they are found from the Lena River east to the Indigirka River, mostly in the Verkoyansk and Polousnyy Mountains, especially the former.

In the Komi Republic, they are found from the Pechora River east and north of the 60th Parallel.

A Yeti was captured in Sartov in the lower Volga in 1989, but it escaped. In 1989, a Yeti was seen in Sudislavl, 200 miles northeast of Moscow in Kostroma Province. In Arkhangelsk, the most recent sighting is from 1992. Possible signs of Yetis were found near Petrozavodsk in Karelia in 1993.

Nine cross-country skiers died on Mount Otorten in the Urals in 1959. Mount Otorten is located where the Komi Republic meets with Tyumen, Perm and Sverdlovsk Provinces. Three were apparently killed by being squeezed to death, which caused rib fracture. Two others had broken skulls, and one had her tongue torn out. Another four died of hypothermia. One theory is that they were killed by a Yeti. Another theory says that they were killed by UFO aliens. The mystery remains.

Yetis are also known from the Kola Peninsula, and there are a few reports from Karelia. In 1988, there were many sightings around Lake Lovozero on the Kola Peninsula. The sightings were continuous, such that authorities placed a closure area around the lake. Yetis had been sighted on the peninsula far into the past, so they were well known, but recently they had gotten bolder and were hanging around human habitations. The Yeti was aggressive, attacking cabins to try to get the humans to leave.

Kola Peninsula Yetis are very large – 9-10 feet tall. They are grey to white in color. Sightings continued until 1992. Hair, scat, partially chewed berries, etc. were brought back to Moscow for testing. The hair tested “no known animal.”

In Tyumen Republic, they are found from the Komi border to the border to Krasnoyarsk north of the 60th parallel. They are also found in the south of the republic. They are found in Chelyabinsk province next to southern Tyumen Province. In the Komi Republic, they are found all year except the two coldest months of winter. In Yakutia, they are found only in summer, and they disappear in the winter. Some say they hibernate in holes in the ground here. Siberian Yetis are good sized, 6’5″-7 feet tall.

Over in the Far East, aside from the Altai region, Yetis are also known from the Primorksy region to the east of Vladivistock near China.

The Gulebany is the name for the Almas of Azerbaijan, found in the Talysh Mountains. They have kidnapped humans before. Last sighting was in 1947.

Almas types are reported from the Zagros Mountains in Iran. They are also reported from the mountains of the northeast. The people of Iran, similar to the Russians, tell of a long war in the past pitting the humans against the Almas. The humans won the war, and the Almas retreated to the most remote regions. Almas are surely extant.

The Chinese version is called Yeren or “wild man.” It is 6-9 feet tall and has a heavy coat of red-brown hair. It has human eyes, an apelike face and large ears. It is similar to a Yeti, larger, stronger and less human than an Almas or Nguoi Rung. These Chinese have discussed these Yeren for thousands of years.

Four were shot or otherwise killed between 1940-1967. In 1940, one was killed in Gansu. In 1961, another was killed in Yunnan. Soldiers killed and ate a Yeren in Yunnan in 1962. This one was small, only four feet tall.

In 1976, Chinese scientists examined Yeren hair, and found that it differs from humans. Examinations reveal an exact match for Bigfoot hair from the US. The Yeren are commonly seen in one remaining area of central China that is heavily forested, the Shennongjia region of Hebei Province. There may be 1,000-2,000 of these creatures in this region.

In 1953, a Yeren kidnapped a woman in Shennongjia, had sex with her, and she had a child. The 1/2 Bigfoot was videotaped in 1986 at age 33. He was 6’5″ and had a body that had Bigfoot proportions. He did not speak any language.

They are also found in Shanxi and Sichuan Provinces. The last observance in Shanxi was in 1950. One was captured in Sinkiang Province near Tibet in 1913 but died after a few months of captivity.

They are reportedly totally vegetarian. The most recent sightings were in 2010. Extant.

A relict hominid type creature is said to exist in Japan. It is called the Hibagon. Its existence is uncertain.

In addition, a Hobbit type called the Koropokkuru is reported by the Ainu as being the first inhabitants of Japan. They were only 2-3 feet tall, were covered with hair and smelled bad. They lived in pits in the ground over which they built huts. They fashioned small knives. They generally avoided the Ainu, but there was some sporadic trading under the cover of night.

At one point a war broke out between the Ainu and the dwarves, and the Koropokkuru were exterminated. Archeologists do report finding pit dwellings all over Japan that are not consistent with the Ainu. In 1879, archeologists dug up a site called Ōmori. There they found pottery that was not consistent with Ainu culture. Some Japanese archeologists associate this site with the Koropokkuru.

A relict hominid, the Kapre, is said to exist in the Philippines. They live on Luzon. There are recent sightings. They often live in caves and are good sized. Residents say it is just another animal in the forest and leave food out for it at night, often rice and durian fruits, of which it is very fond. It often gives gifts back in return. Filipinos like these creatures and refuse to harm them. This creature is very tall, 8-9 feet.

There were sightings by Japanese soldiers during the Battle of Leyte in 1944 – a Kapre terrorized them in a cave. One was captured in Ilocos de Norte on Luzon in 1961 and taken on tour with a carnival. There are sightings after 1975 on Luzon. Extant but declining.

Relict hominids called Nguoi Rung also live in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, often living in caves. They are about 4’9″-6 feet tall. They have pinkish skin and are covered with hair that is grey, reddish, brown or black. They are generally considered to be a “civilized” or advanced type similar to the Almas. Nguoi Rung do not appear to have much in the way of language. They are strong, but not as strong as a Bigfoot or Yeti.

Many were seen and killed during the Vietnam War, especially near the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Quite a few GI’s reported encounters with “the apes” as they called them. In one case, “the apes” kept raiding the base at night and stealing food. GI’s felt they were dealing with some kind of orangutan. Troops from both sides were killed by the Nguoi Rung during the war.

The war seems to have driven the Nguoi Rung in Vietnam to near extinction, and they are seldom seen anymore. However, footprints were seen and cast in 1982 on Chu Mo Ray Mountain in Vietnam, and from 1983-1998, there were a number of sightings. The sightings are mostly in the region where Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam all come together, especially the Kontum-Sa Thay area of Vietnam.

Not all of these creatures are violent. Sometimes they come at night to human campfires and sit with men, but they say nothing or speak unintelligibly.

They move rapidly across mountains, climb trees easily, shake trees to get bugs to eat and live in caves.

In 1979 in Phnom Sampov, Cambodia, 12 people sighted 15 Nguoi Rung, 5 or 6 adults and the 8 juveniles, with 2 babies on the backs of the females. Many other people saw groups of Nguoi Rung moving through this area, so it looks like the Vietnam War didn’t drive them extinct after all. Phnom Sampov is in the northwest of Cambodia near the Thai border, so it looks like the Nguoi Rung are not limited to northeastern Cambodia.

There was also a recent sighting from the Ratanakiri area, which is a hot spot for Nguoi Rung activity. Ratanakiri is near the area where Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia all come together. Virachey National Park is in this region. Extant.

Around 1900, there were reports of small hominids with thick reddish hair on their bodies in Laos. There have been no further reports. Probably similar to an Orang Pendek type. Possibly extinct.

There is another taller type up to 9 feet tall that is recorded from Indochina and Burma. Several sightings of these were recorded by Allied soldiers fighting the Japanese during World War 2. There have been no sightings since. Possibly extinct.

There is supposedly a hominid called Kung-tu or Mouthman that lives in Burma. These are up to 20 feet tall and have supposedly terrorized Burmans for centuries. Their existence is dubious.

Mawas are known from peninsular Malaysia. We have many exciting recent findings coming out of one part of Malaysia that is still heavily forested. The Orang Asli people, the most ancient humans out of Africa, live there, and they have made most of the sightings. The Orang Asli are very afraid of the Mawas.

These relict hominids are about 6-9 feet tall and are generally vegetarian. Reportedly has only four toes. A captive Mawa was observed in Johor in 1870. I feel that there may be a big or even huge relict hominid discovery coming out of Malaysia soon, maybe even before North America. Extant.

The Batatut is also known from Malaysia, mostly around Saban. This is a small, proto-pygmy type, about 4 feet tall. It is very shy and nocturnal, but can also be highly aggressive – there are stories of them attacking humans and tearing out their livers. A researcher found its broad footprints in 1970 and was terrified. This is possibly the Orang Pendek in Borneo. Existence probable.

The Orang Dalam is a giant from Malaysia, reportedly 10-20 feet tall and covered with hair. The footprints are 18 inches and the stride is 12 feet. There were sightings in 1871, 1953, 1954, 1959, 1966, 1969 and 1971. The 1966 sighting was on a rubber estate near Segamat, 40 miles from Kuala Lumpur. Villagers said the giants were “shy but harmless apes.” 45 years ago, it was already under heavy retreat into the jungles due to human population pressure and loss of feeding grounds. Existence uncertain or possibly extinct.

In 1986, two relict hominids were reported in Southern Thailand in the company of Thai troops. The incident occurred in the village of Phibun in Nakhon Sri Thammarat Province. They were tied up. They were described as hair-covered, ape-like but with human faces. The troops stopped in a village, and everyone in the village saw them.

Bizarrely, the relict hominids were said to drink tea with the soldiers, which makes the story suspect. The relict hominids were taken off to some unknown location. The description of the relict hominids matches well with the description of the Nguoi Rung from Vietnam and Laos.

There is an animal reported from Indonesia called the Orang Pendek. The evidence for its existence is excellent, and it may be related to the recently discovered Homo Florensis on Flores. It is like a small Bigfoot – it is only about 3-4.5 feet tall, has ears that stick out and a belly that protrudes somewhat. but it has very large feet.

It has long honey-yellow to tan colored hair on its head extending down to its buttocks and is hairy. Its arms extend down to its knees. It has a coned head and its face is very humanoid, black colored with some pink markings. The skin on its body is pink. The hair resembles Orangutan hair. It is heavily muscled and very strong. As it walks, the Orang Pendek pulls on vegetation as a mode of locomotion in the same way that Bigfoot engages in tree-pulling.

Locals hunt most of the animals in the forest, but they refuse to hunt the Orang Pendek.

Debbie Martyr, a Western conservationist/journalist, has seen Orang Pendeks three times since 1989. An Indonesian anthropologist, Yanuar Achmed, saw one on the slopes of Mt. Kerenci. In 2001, an Indonesian forest ranger named Aripin saw one on the slopes of this same mountain. As early as 1989, the Orang Pendek was becoming rare in the Mt. Kerenci area due to deforestation. Indications are that existing Orang Pendeks may be an endangered species.

In 2003, a poacher operating north of Gunung Tujuh, the “Lake of Seven Peaks,” and east of Mt. Kerinci caught an Orang Pendek in his deer snare. He poked it with his spear, but it grabbed his spear and snapped it in two like a matchstick. Then it bellowed at him in a deafening roar, and the man passed out. When he woke up, the Orang Pendek had freed itself.

I have a feeling that it may be discovered pretty soon, even sooner than Bigfoot maybe.

Orang Pendek DNA was sequenced in 2003 and is not that of any known animal. It looks like human DNA, but it is outside the human range. Definitely extant.

Homo Floresiensis, or Flores Man, is said by natives to have survived on Flores Island until the late 1800’s. Called Ebu Gogo, they were small, hairy, and friendly, but very shy. Reports indicate that they could breed with humans. They lived in caves. People would leave food out for them at night and they would come to get it. In return, the Hobbits would give the humans gifts.

However, they started stealing human children, hoping to learn from them how to cook food. This enraged the humans, who chased the Ebu Gogo into a cave, piled brush in the front and set it on fire, killing off the Ebu Gogo. A few Ebu Gogo may have survived, but there have been no sightings since the late 1800’s. Probably extinct.

Relict hominids called Baramanu are said to exist in Pakistan in the Chitral region. They are about 5.5-6 feet tall and covered in hair. They are mostly found in the Shishi Kuh Valley of Chitral. Said to resemble prehistoric man. There have been many sightings and footprints in recent years. A body of a Baramanu was supposedly found recently, but followup was not successful. A Spanish researcher, Jordi Magraner, went there to study them for years and gathered many reports. Later, he was murdered, and research has ended. Extant.

The Yeti, of course, is known from Tibet, Nepal, and Bhutan. The Yeti is quite large – about eight feet tall, and it has white, black, russet-red or grey fur and icy blue eyes. They Yeti is larger, stronger and less human than an Almas.

Nepalese reportedly captured a Yeti once, but it refused to eat and died. The body was abandoned. Two Yetis were seen in Tibet in 1986. A Yeti reportedly killed a woman in Nepal in 1998. The most recent sighting in Nepal was in 2003, but good tracks were found in 2008.

Yetis are capable of throwing boulders long distances and with excellent accuracy. They reportedly make tools. Inside of their liars, sharpened wood, bone and stone tools have been found, some fashioned into spears or arrows. The Yeti smells terrible.

Another Yeti is called Meti and does not exceed 5’9 inches. It has a coned head, a stocky apelike body that has human qualities, is covered with reddish-brown hair, and has long arms down to its knees.

One of the related types is called the Nyalmo. This is a giant type, an incredible 15 feet tall. It leaves long, four toed tracks. The first documented sighting occurred in 1937. A group of them were standing in a circle and chanting while one beat a hollow tree trunk. Existence dubious.

There is a smaller type, the Miniti, 4.5 feet tall, that was seen by biologist A. A. Tishkov on the China-Tibet border. The Miniti also lives in Nepal at 14,500-16,500 feet elevation. The Miniti is probably the same as the Tehlma.

A smaller one, the 4.5 foot tall Tehlma, is a proto-Pygmy type that lives in the steamy mountain valleys of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Tibet. It has thick, reddish hair, hunched shoulders and a coned head that slopes backwards sharply. Its feces have been examined, and they contained an unknown primate parasite. Since parasites are typically species-specific, this implies that the Tehlma is a new species. The last known sighting was in 1958. The Tehlma exists.

Another type called the Dzuti may be a rare bear species, or perhaps it exists. It is said to be on average 8’2. This is the same as the Kung-lu of Burma. Lives in Tibet.

In 2008, an excellent cast of Yeti footprints was found by Joshua Gates in Nepal and appears to be genuine. The prints were found in the Khumbu region on the banks of the Manju River at 9,300 feet. They differ in some respects from Bigfoot footprints.

Yeti DNA was finally sequenced in 2009. The results came back in the range of large primates such as man, chimpanzees and gorillas, but the DNA sequence was unknown. In other words, it was a large unknown primate.

Pieces of the Pangboche Hand, a purported Yeti hand skeleton found at a monastery in Nepal, were tested by DNA analysis. The results came back near-human, but not human. Earlier they were examined by a London primatologist who determined that the bones resembled those of Neandertal. The Yeti certainly exists.

A truly gigantic Bigfoot lived in Kerala State, India, 30,000 years ago. It was 17 feet tall and weighed 900 pounds. Footprints 22-27 inches long have been found in a cave by anthropologists.

A large form of the Yeti, 7.5-9 feet tall, the Mande Burung, possibly a lowland form of the Yeti, is known from the Garo Hills of Meghalaya State in India. The footprints are 12-15 inches long. There have been many sightings recently, including one in 2008. Hairs of this creature were analyzed in 2008 and came back as not matching any of the known animals in the region. Possibly exists.

A tiny race of hominids used to live in Sri Lanka. These were called Nittaewo, and in the modern era, they lived in the nearly inaccessible Leanama Mountains. They are apparently now extinct. They had a chattering, bird-like language and were very small – 3 to 4 feet tall. They had reddish hair all over their bodies. Some think they were an Orang Pendek type. The local Veddas hated the Nittaewo and at one point, forced them into a cave, piled brush in the cave and set it on fire, wiping out the Nittaewo. This event occurred in the late 1700’s.

Hairy, quadrupedal hominids are reported from Malaita in Melanesia. They are small, hairy and walk on four limbs. Existence dubious.

A type of pygmoid is reported from the New Hebrides Islands of Melanesia. May be a new race of pygmy types or possibly a new species. Existence dubious.

A Bigfoot type, large and hairy, is reported from the Solomon Islands. It lives in the mountains of Guadalcanal and Laudari. Existence dubious.

A race of cone-headed pygmies is known from Fiji. Ancestral humans had a saggital crest similar to Bigfoot’s. There was sighting by 6 people on July 19, 1975. They saw eight pygmies, 2 feet tall and covered with hair, run into the brush. Existence uncertain.

A tiny, 2-foot tall “insular dwarf” skeleton is known from Palau in the Pacific. It is dated at 1000-3000 YBP. This goes along with many stories of tiny people who lived in Pacific islands.

The Yowie is known from Australia. It is very large – about 6-8 feet tall. It has a human like face and long canines and is covered with long brown hair. Yowie hair has recently been gathered and is a direct match for Bigfoot hair from North America. Yowies certainly exist.

In addition, a hairy dwarf type called the Junjdy is said to live in the north Queensland mountains. Existence unknown.

There is another giant type called the Jimbra, reported from Kalgoorlie in West Australia. They are smelly, 7-14 feet tall, and have gorilla-like faces. The males have clearly visible genitals. They have been reported since the days of the first White settlers. Existence uncertain.

In the Nullarbor Plains of South Australia, a giant called the Tjanjara has been seen. In August 1972, Steve Moncreif, a fossil hunter, was exploring in Yarle Lakes on the edge of the Great Victorian Desert. A 10 foot tall creature with a club in its hand saw him and chased him through the ravine. Tjanjaras had been seen in the area two years prior. In 1989, a 13 foot tall Tjanjara wielding a club was seen near Etadunna by two carloads of bush trekkers. Existence uncertain to possible.

A relict hominid is said to exist in New Zealand. It is called the Moehau. They are said to use stone knives, clubs and hand axes. Moehaus killed some Whites in the Coramandel Mountains in the late 1800’s. Before that, Maoris said that Moehaus and other relict types often killed Maoris and ate them. There are recent sightings, which are counterintuitive as there are no native placental mammals on the island.

In 1970, there was a sighting of a hairy Moehau in the Milford Wilderness which screamed and threw rocks at campers. It was 6.5 feet tall.

Around the same time, in Fjordland, at Haast Pass and on Mt. Helen, bushwackers found large Moehau footprints. There have been many sightings of a large Moehau in the Haast Pass area. In 1971, a ranger found tracks in the Nelson Lakes National Park. In 1972, Trevor Silcox saw a 6.5 foot Moehau while hunting in the Coramandels.

Mountaineers have made many sighting of huge footprints and even a few sightings of 6.5-9 foot Moehaus on Kaikura Mountain, which rises to over 8,000 feet. In January 1983, a hunter found a long trail of huge Moehau footprints in the Heaphy River region of Northwest Nelson State Forest Park.

In 1991, campers in the Cameron Islands in the southwest of New Zealand found huge, 17.5 inch Moehau footprints in the dense forest. In 2001, there were reports of huge Moehaus in the Urewera Ranges near Waikaremoana south of Gisborne. Moehaus may well exist.

There are said to be some relict hominids still living in Africa, especially in West, East and South Africa. In East Africa, they are known from Mozambique, Tanzania and Kenya.

In West Africa, there are reports from the Ivory Coast in the 1940’s. It is called the Séhité. No sightings since. It may be extinct.

One from East Africa is small, only 4-5 feet tall and has rust colored skin. It is called the Agogwe, but it has many different names. The natives refused to hunt them. The most recent sighting was in the 1940’s.

It is thought that these and other proto-pygmies in Africa are surviving australopithecines. This is because Agogwes have been seen in the company of baboons. No monkey would go near baboons for fear of being eaten, and no baboon would tolerate a man, as they run from humans. The lack of sightings over the past 70 years implies that the Agogwe may be extinct.

A similar type is known from Zimbabwe. It is called the Kakundakári. It has not been seen since around 1960. Animal collector Charles Cordier found the last tracks around 1960. He also noted that a Kakundari had gotten caught in one of his traps but had somehow managed to extract itself. Possibly extinct due to lack of recent sightings.

There is a race of very short proto-Pygmies which live in Madagascar. They are called the Kimo or the Kalanoro. It’s not known whether these are actual Pygmies or whether they are a new species. The evidence for their existence is poor.

Various human-sized hominids are reported from all over the African continent.They have long reddish or brownish hair on their bodies and are described as humanoid.

One dwarf type called the Dodu is three feet tall and has three fingers and three toes. It lives in the Cameroon-Congo border region. One was seen in January 2001. Existence probable.

There is said to be a type of giant hominid in Africa, something like a Bigfoot. They can range up to 14 feet tall. They live in Zaire, Cameroon, Kenya and Sudan. The type in Zaire is called the Kikongo or the Muhalu, and is 7.5-8 feet tall. There are reports from the early 1960’s. Existence uncertain to dubious or possibly extinct.

There were many stories that some Neandertals survived in Europe until about 1,000 years ago, when they finally all died off. They lived in high mountains and forests in caves and avoided people. I now believe that these “giant” stories, thought to be remaining Neandertals, were actually relict hominids.

Relict hominids were probably killed off or died off in Europe recently. We have a good report from Germany in 1650 but few to none since. We now have two good relict hominid videos shot in the Tatras Mountains in Poland, the highest mountains of Poland, with peaks ranging up to 7,500 feet. It appears that relict hominids are slowly moving back into Europe. The relict hominids from Poland look a lot like North American Bigfoots. A relict hominid was spotted in Kosovo in 2005.

Snömannen are the relict hominids of Scandinavia. They are found in the polar regions of Sweden, Finland and Norway. The description is similar to the one for Bigfoots. Sightings are few, but they are as recent as 1985. A research team doing geological work on Spitzbergen Island, Norwegian land far to the north of Norway between the 75th and 80th parallel, at the same latitude as northern Greenland and Ellesmere Island in Canada, encountered a hairy hominid. It resembled the Alaskan Arulataq. Existence uncertain.

The Ventimiglian Giant is a large, hairy hominid over 6.5 feet tall. It is known from a flurry of sightings in the Ventimiglia region of northern Italy around 1996 and 1997. In one case, three were seen in the forest, and in another case, a short, thick neck was noted. Its existence is uncertain.

The Vedi is a hairy hominid type from Croatia, especially the area near the Hungarian border. There have been no sightings since 1950 or so. Many cases involved females sneaking up on male farmhands sleeping in stables. The females would cozy up to the males. This is similar to female Almas’ behavior in the Caucasus.

Dwarves are known from Ireland, Scotland and mainland Europe. This includes leprechauns, trolls and dwarves. These are hairy hominids only 2 feet tall. There is a long tradition of stories about them in Europe. It is unknown if they exist; they may be just mythology.

Wudewasas were a European relict hominids that lived in Europe, mostly in Finland, until the 1400’s. They carried large clubs with them.

The Fear Liath Mor or Greyman is said to haunt the peak of Ben McDhui in Scotland. Large, grey and scary-looking. It probably does not exist and is just a myth.

The Running Man is said to exist in Scotland. There have been recent sightings, and there is a long tradition of stories. This is sort of a Bigfoot type. It likes to run instead of walk and is said to run alongside cars to look in the windows. Its existence is dubious.

The Basajaun is a hairy relict hominid, standing 5-6 feet tall, that lives in the Basque Country of Spain. It is hostile and hangs around homes for food. There have been recent sightings, including one in which a group of paleontologists was attacked by one. Existence probable.

Relict hominids do not appear to exist in most of Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Korea, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Micronesia, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay and the Caribbean.

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Settler Criminals Not Innocent Civilians

Repost from the old site.

Via Joachim Martillo, we have this interesting piece, Settler Criminals Not Innocent Civilians, on the attack on the Yeshivat Merkaz haRav in Jerusalem that killed 8 young Israeli male yeshiva students. There are some errors in this piece.

Yohai Livshitz and Neria Cohen are from Jerusalem, but according to Martillo, they both live in land colonized by the Israelis in East Jerusalem after 1967. This never-ending theft of Palestinian land in East Jerusalem is an ongoing project that is rarely remarked on in the US press. Like most settler issues, it gets orders of magnitude more press in Israel than the US. In this sense, the US is much more of a “Jewish state” than Israel.

Although Martillo justifies this attack, I have a hard time doing so. The attacker definitely picked a pretty good target, but the problem is that half of the students are minors. If it can be proven that these young men were involved in violence against Palestinians in the Territories, perhaps that makes them a target, but I am not sure.

As it stands, four of the eight males killed were adults and one of those was a resident of Israel proper. That does leave Yonadav Haim Hirschfeld, Yohai Lifshitz, and Roee Roth as legitimate targets, but three out of eight is not so good.

Martillo also notes that when he visited the yeshiva, well over half of the student body was over 20 years old. This would imply that the attack could have been justified in the planning phase. You’re still attacking adults with a bunch of minors mixed in, and I’m not sure that is ok.

My position is simple. Targeting of adult settlers in the Territories is right and proper. They are living on stolen land the natives have a right to drive them off with force. I feel sorry for those that are too poor to move, but there may not be many like that. I do feel that minor settlers should not be targeted, for the simple reason that they have no choice about whether or not to occupy stolen land – that is their parents’ decision.

Theoretically, when they are 18, they can decide to move away from the Territories and back inside the Green Line. That may not be possible in many cases, but at least they have the potential option not be living on stolen land.

This would at least accord some civility to this settler-native conflict, in line with Native American practice in defending their lands. It is true that Native Americans did kill some minors, they often captured women and children and took them to live with the Indians. I am not sure whether Native Americans would have killed teenagers or not. Boys grew up awful fast on the frontier.

Sadly, the Palestinian resistance has deliberately targeted kids, even babies and infants, from Day One. One wonders how they justify as 2-year-old as a “settler”. Come on.

Unfortunately, most Palestinian groups are targeting Israeli civilians inside the Green Line. Hamas, Islamic Jihad, the Popular Resistance Committees, the PFLP and the Al Aqsa Martyr’s Brigades all do this.

Fatah always condemns such attacks (especially Abbas, as Arafat was not so sincere) but their armed wing, the Al Aqsa Martyr’s Brigades, continues to engage in these attacks. Truth is that the AAMB is probably a pretty autonomous organization these days.

For those who find all this queasy and still want to support the Palestinians, there is always the DFLP. This small group only targets Israelis in the Territories. I guess theoretically they target military targets inside the Green Line, but in practice they hardly do this.

This group does carry out armed attacks, usually in conjunction with other armed groups, often Hamas. The DFLP is a staunchly secular armed group that split from the PFLP in 1969 in part due to their queasiness over the PFLP’s Arab nationalism. The DFLP had the typical Leftist worries about ethnic nationalism in general as leading to fascism.

Their leader is Nayef Hawatmeh, a Jordanian Christian. Originally, they pushed Maoism, but I think they have junked that recently. There are regular calls for the merger of the PFLP and the DFLP, but these never go anywhere, mostly due to the PFLP’s reluctance. The DFLP has a presence, armed and otherwise, in Gaza.

Hawatmeh met with an Israeli leader on a stage in the 1990’s and shook the Israeli’s hand. The PFLP, ultimate hardliners, condemned this act. George Habash, asked about his opinion of this, said, “Absolute condemnation!”

On to this attack on the yeshiva. This is looking more and more like a Hezbollah hit. The group named was the Imad Mughniyeh Liberators of Galilee. It looks like this was a revenge attack for the killing of Imad Mughniyeh by Israeli in Damascus recently.

The only announcement of responsibility occurred on Hezbollah TV, and the name Imad Mughniyeh portends a Hezbollah link. Hezbollah has deep links to the Israeli Arabs of North Israel. Galilee is the part of northern Israel that has a large Israeli Arab population.

In recent years, there has been a sickening process of Judaization, in which Jewish towns are built to encircle and close off most Arab villages, towns and cities. It’s ethnic warfare by any definition, and is typical of extremely racist settlement policies practiced by states against separatist movements – i.e. Indonesia in East Timor and West Papua, China in Tibet, Morocco in Spanish Sahara and Syria in the Kurdish North.

It looks like Hezbollah used an Israeli Arab from Jerusalem who had an Israeli ID card in this attack. He was dressed up as a haredi when he carried it out. The attack was pretty bloody, but war is a nasty thing. We knew there were going to be paybacks for Mugniyeh’s killing, and that’s what this looks like. This may be the end or there may be more.

I do not buy the typical Arab line that it is ok to kill a bunch of Israeli civilians because Israel killed some Palestinian civilians, but it’s typical Arab thinking. Arabs are incapable, like most of the world’s people, of fighting by the rules of war laid down by the West.

Furthermore, guerrillas are seriously limited in their ability to fight fair in war. Guerrillas try to fight by the rules of war and they will probably just get massacred. The only way to even the fight is probably to go “asymmetrical”, as Iraq War speak described terrorism.

The rockets coming out of Gaza seem increasingly nihilistic, but I think there is a method to Hamas’ madness. I think that Hamas really wants a cease fire or truce out of this, but Israel won’t even sit down and talk to them. That Hamas even talks of a truce at all shows their maturation as an organization from a terrorist group into a more mature political entity.

Israel refuses to talk to them on the basis that Hamas agree to three conditions:

  • Renounce violence
  • Recognize Israel’s right to exist as a Jewish state
  • Agree to all past agreements between the Palestinians and Israel

Hamas will not agree to any of these things, not now, not ever. As Israel will not renounce violence, I do not see why Hamas should either. Hamas will never recognize Israel as a Jewish state, and will not agree to past agreements negotiated by Fatah.

But Israel ought to talk to them anyway. The stronger parties in guerrilla wars, typically states, tend to refuse to talk with guerrillas. It’s the language of strength talking.

In addition to a cease fire, Hamas also wants some sort of a role in regulating traffic flow back and forth from Egypt to Gaza. This may not be as bad as it sounds, but when Hamas bashed down the fence a while back, they also used that opportunity to smuggle in Iranian Grad rockets that they have been firing at the Israeli towns of Ashkelon and Ashdod.

Israel is reluctant to do anything that will make it easier for Hamas to smuggle high-powered weaponry into Gaza. They also claim that Hamas will just use a truce, which Hamas acknowledges can be lifted at any time (the concept of hudna in Islamic law) to rearm and then to attack Israel later with much more powerful weapons.

Tit for tat, it goes on and on in the Middle East. Cycle of violence is a cliche, but there is no better word.

This yeshiva was founded by the son of Rabbi Kook, the most famous Israeli religious Zionist. Originally, Zionism was a secular movement, but Kook the elder, a Lithuanian Jew who came to Palestine in the early 1920’s, introduced the concept of religious Zionism.

At this time and until after World War 2, most Jews, and surely most Orthodox Jews, opposed Zionism as some sort of religious heresy at best and a very bad idea at worst.

The religious Zionists have become some of the most fanatical of all. Many of them feel that the Israeli state is illegitimate in the same way that Islamists feel that secular Muslim states are illegitimate. The Jewish state must be religious and the Muslim state must be also. Some of them refuse to fly the Israeli flag and others try to get out of paying taxes.

Many religious Jews are supported by the state to just study all the time. The secular Israelis regard this as a complete waste of manpower and money. There is quite a bit of bad blood between religious and secular Jews in Israel and even in the Diaspora.

Settler Criminals Not Innocent Civilians

by Joachim Martillo

In the Occupied Territories Palestinians are squeezed between the mostly off-camera aggressive anti-Arab violence of the settlers and the official theoretically defensive violence of the IDF.

Jews in Occupied Poland circa 1940 had a similar situation, for they were subject to alternating and sometimes combined SS and Wehrmacht violence.

Yeshivat Merkaz haRav is the flagship educational institution of Gush Emunim nowadays called Faithful of the Land of Israel (נאמני ארץ ישראל, neemanei eretz yisrael). It is the ideological command center for the Settler Movement

The ideology of Yeshivat Merkaz haRav is generally called religious nationalist, but it really educates its students in the occult mystical intellectual current of Zionism.

This Yeshiva is essentially a college level seminary with a large graduate (kollel) program. The students eventually develop an almost mythographic mentality

  • that rewrites reality to support a nearly psychotic set of extremist fanatic beliefs and
  • that puts them beyond any rational persuasion.

The students are often in combined military-Talmudic study programs. Many carry weapons and are involved in brutalizing or in abusing the native population in the Occupied Territories.

Yeshivat Merkaz haRav under US law would be considered a combined terrorist training and indoctrination center if the same laws applied to Jews that apply to everyone else.

Traditionally in Eastern Europe the best students were already immersed in deep Talmud study by bar mitzvah (13), but combined “religious nationalist” military-Talmudic study programs usually run for about 5-6 years, generally start at around age 15-16, and involve about 16 months of official military service with some physical and military training before official induction.

Here is the list of the students killed:

  • Doron Meherete, 26 years old
  • Yonadav Haim Hirschfeld, settler, 19 years old
  • Yohai Lifshitz, settler, 18 years old
  • Roee Roth, settler, 18 years old
  • Yonatan Yitzhak Eldar, settler, 16 years old
  • Avraham David Moses, settler, 16 years old
  • Neria Cohen, settler, 15 years old, and
  • Segev Peniel Avihail, settler, 15 years old.

In his completely legitimate act of resistance against the Zionist state currently breaking all just war standards in Gaza, Alaa Abu Dhein unlike the IDF carefully chose targets among willing participants, activists, and trainees in the commission of atrocities. He is to be commended for choice of target and for tohar haneshek (Hebrew: purity of arms).

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An Interesting NE Asian Phenotype

Repost from the old site.

White Nationalists like to go on and on and on about the glorious color of their skin: white. For some odd reason, this white skin is superior to darker-colored skins of folks who evolved in hotter zones. Truth is, darker skin color is a perfectly rational evolutionary response to high rates of UV radiation in areas where it is very hot.

And in some areas of the globe, people can have fairly light skins if they stay out of the sun, but they get dark quite easily if they go out in the sun. Italians and Greeks come to mind. Here are photos of Italians, Greeks and Spaniards who have stayed out of sun, and then the same folks after they got tanned.

The same page also shows identical phenotypes commonly seen as European-only, like Nordics, Mediterraneans and Alpines, in both their European and extra-European forms from Arabia, North Africa and Central Asia. Often the darker skin you see in a lot of Southern Europeans is nothing but a tan.

On the other hand, Northern Europeans, and possibly other Northern types, don’t tan very well (they often burn) and even when they do, they don’t get all that dark. The very dark skin of Blacks, Papuans, Melanesians, some Aborigines and some South Indians is simply a result of evolving in those parts of the Earth where the sun shines brightest of all.

But Whites ought to give up the fantasy of about their white skin being best of all – because other races have some very white skin too. See the Korean woman in the photo below for example.

A Korean woman. She has a shade of White on her skin that is lacking in almost all Caucasians – it is probably only seen in Ireland and Scotland and it’s probably even lacking in Sweden and Norway. But this very White phenotype seen in some Koreans and Northern Chinese differs from that of European Whites in that it is more glossy. European White skin looks more chalky or powdery.

This phenotype also has skin that looks more like porcelain and is reflective of light. The very light European skin tends to be less light-reflective.

Here’s a pretty cool chart showing degrees of skin lightness versus darkness around the world.

UV radiation chart along with zones of skin color. Zone 1 has the darkest skin of all . Zone 2, which includes Italians and Spaniards, has skin that tans easily. Zone 3 contains light skin that enables residents to absorb as much Vitamin D as possible from the sun due to lack of sunlight at higher latitudes.

Note that there is also pretty high UV radiation in parts of South America (Peru), in the heart of Mexico, in Southwest Arabia (especially Yemen), in Southern India and Sri Lanka and in Indonesia, Malaysia, Southern Philippines and New Guinea. Indonesians and Malaysians are known for being darker than many other SE Asian groups.

According to this chart, the darkest people of all are Blacks from Mozambique and Cameroon in Africa and Aborigines from Darwin in North Australia. A look at the same chart, much expanded, in the original paper, shows that the next darkest are Blacks, the Okavango in Namibia and the Sara in Chad (Table 6, p. 19). The chart shows that the lightest people are in Netherlands, followed by Germany and then the northern parts of the UK.

Note on the map that Tibet and parts of the Amazon should have some very dark-skinned people, but those who live there are lighter than you would expect based on UV. The paper suggests that the Tibetans are lighter because it is so cold there that most of their body is covered up all the time and only the face is uncovered.

The face is lighter to collect what Vitamin D it can as so much of the body cannot collect Vitamin D due to clothing. The Amazonian Indians are known to be shade-seeking and the paper suggests that this may account for their lighter skin.

Most Whites don’t really have White skin anyway. I am looking at my own skin here as I type, and it looks more pink than White.

References

Jablonski, N. and Chaplin, G. (2000) The Evolution of Human Skin Coloration. Journal of Human Evolution. Available on this blog here.

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Support For South Ossetian Secession

Repost from the old site.

A good progressive principle, but one subject to some exceptions, is the principle of self-determination. This leads naturally to support for most if not all separatist movements. In my case, I do support most, but not all separatist movements.

It’s interesting of all the people around the world, that only leftwingers and various seceding nationalities support this principle. It’s also interesting that once nations secede and become their own state, suddenly they do not believe in the right to secede anymore! We on the Left have always upheld this basic principle.

The USSR held that all Russian nationalities had the right to secede. Unfortunately, it was not enforced much, but it was this very principle that allowed Gorbachev to permit the various USSR republics the right of secession in 1991. At that time, on at least that one variable, the USSR was the most civilized nation on Earth.

Its civilized nature was a direct result of the progressive principles that were embodied in the USSR by the first Bolsheviks in 1917. Later, Czechoslovakia split up into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The reason they were able to do this so civilly is, number one, because they are White, and number two, due to the decades of internationalism that had been inculcated into them by Communist rule.

I say that being White is important because I am absolutely convinced that only White nations are capable of breaking up civilly and peacefully without slaughtering each other in the process. In a way, breaking up your country without massacring your countrymen is the ultimate civilized act.

Even Asians, as civilized as they are, would never be able to break up one of their countries without turning it into a mass slaughter. On this metric, they are not that civilized.

What is it about Whites that allows them to break up a country? Is it altruism? Although studies are rare, in the US, Whites have rates of civic participation, volunteerism and donating to charity far above other groups.

Now, it is true that Communist China has not done a good job of living up the progressive principles of self-determination. Clearly, Tibet has a right to go free, and I would argue that East Turkestan does too. And Taiwan is a separate country. Mao never was a true internationalist. He was always a Chinese nationalist first and a Communist second.

Another reason to support secessionism is that the people who hate it most are the fascists. Idiots are always saying that fascism and Communism and fascism and socialism are the same thing. Let us call them on this one at least.

This is a prime difference between fascists and Communists, the Left and the Right. The Left supports self-determination and cultural autonomy for national minorities and the Right has always opposed this, instead choosing to force all national minorities into a single ethnoreligiolinguistic entity.

No one opposes separatist movements more than fascists, and no fascist nation has ever given one national minority an inch of cultural autonomy. Even in China, national minorities have considerable cultural autonomy and have the right to education in their national tongue.

It’s true that the USSR’s commitment to cultural and linguistic freedom varied throughout the lifetime of the state. Its commitment was highest in the 1920’s, wavered seriously in the 1930’s when Stalin murdered many leaders of national minorities and never attained earlier depths with the subsequent promotion of Russification by Stalin and his successors.

The Left nowadays is sleazy and unprincipled on the question of national self-determination. Sadly, the entire world Left refused to support the right of self-determination for the peoples of the former Yugoslavia, all because Yugoslavia was a Communist state. Then they all opposed the right of Kosova to break away from Serbia, I guess because Serbia used to be Communist state!

This leads us to the recent fighting in Georgia.

First of all, Georgia is pretty much of a fake state. Sure, there have been Georgians living in that area for a very long time, but the Soviet republic called Georgia included not only Georgians but other nationalities as well. Other minorities included Abkhazians, Adjarians and South Ossetians.

It is possible that the republic of Georgia was seeded with these minorities as a divide and conquer strategy by the early Soviets, who were not perfect on the national question. Seeding Georgia with non-Georgians would make it more difficult for Georgia to secede from the USSR. Similarly, splitting the poor Ossetians between Russia and Georgia was probably another sleazy divide and conquer game.

Anyway, in 1991, this completely fake state called Georgia (really just a republic of the USSR) gained its independence. If we are to support the principle of self-determination, we need to allow national minorities in fake states newly birthed the right to secede.

On what basis were Abkhazia, Adjaria and South Ossetia an inherent part of some entity called “Georgia”? On no basis whatsoever! On what basis is some new fake country one day or one month old entitled to the bullshit and fascist principle of “inviolability of borders”? On no basis.

So, when the Georgian state (really just a place with lines on the map with a lot of Georgians living in it, but drawn wider than the Georgian nation) got its independence, Abkhazia, Adjaria and South Ossetia surely had the right say, “Screw this, we want no part of this new state. We’re out of here.”

Adjaria, a Muslim region in the southwest, seems to have settled its beef without fighting, but Abkhazia and South Ossetia both waged nasty and ugly separatist wars and managed to secede from the new state of Georgia.

South Ossetia apparently wants to marry with North Ossetia and become a state in Russia called Ossetia. I’m not sure what Abkhazia wants to do. I think they may wish to join Russia also. Abkhazia is located in the northwest and populated mostly by Orthodox Christians.

South Ossetia is located in the north-central part of Georgia and is composed mostly of Ossetians. The Ossetians were formerly called the Alans, an ancient kingdom related ethnically and linguistically to Iranians. They speak a language that is close to Iranian and resemble Iranians physically.

Russia is being cynical about this, as befits an imperialist state. While Russia under Putin has fascist tendencies in the nasty repression on national minorities such as the Mari and the people of the Caucasus, Putin is willing, like all sleazy imperialists, do support secessionism when it benefits imperial goals.

Russia has it in for Georgia, lately because Georgia has lined up heavily on the side of the US. There are US and Israeli advisors working with the Georgian military right now, and Russia is terrified by Georgian threats to join NATO.

We need to note that NATO doesn’t have much right to exist anymore. NATO was set up to deal with the Soviet threat. That’s gone. So why is NATO still there? Apparently to form an imperialist bloc to oppose Russia! The Russians are furious about this, and rightly so. Who can blame them?

Sadly, it is also possible that Russia is using this as a payback to the West for supporting the secession of Kosova. The West, including the US in its extreme cynicism, first of all supported the secession of all of the former states of Yugoslavia (apparently on the cynical grounds that since they were seceding from a Communist nation, therefore the right of self-determination was invoked).

Then, just to stick it to Russia for the most part, the US and most of Europe supported Kosova and Montenegrin independence, just so long as they were pro-West. I supported it too, on the basis of solid principles called the right of self-determination. It is sad that the entire world Left opposed the independence of Kosova. This made Russia furious.

Yet in Abkhazia, in the same sleazy West that championed every micro-state to be cleaved out of the former Yugoslavia, not a single Western state, nor any state anywhere, would support the principled secession of the Abkhazian people from Georgian imperialism.

Does fascist Russia under Putin support the right of self-determination, however limited? Of course not. As a capitalist, and in fact fascist and now imperialist state, Russia clearly has no principles whatsoever. As payback to Kosova secession which hurt their pitiful fascist pan-Slavic feelings, the Russians are now supporting secession in Georgia. Principles? Come now!

This whole conflict is shot through with imperialism all the way. The US is supporting Georgia not out of any principles, because as an imperialist state, the US has zero principles other than profiteering, plunder and subjection of other states and peoples. The US supports secessionism when it benefits imperialist interests, and opposes it when it hinders imperialist interests!

And of course, it never admits this. When it supports secessionism, the US apparently invokes the right of self-determination. When it opposes secessionism, the US invokes the right of inviolability of national borders, as it is doing now in the case of Georgia. Contradictory, no? Sure is!

The sleazy and pro-imperialist US media fails to point out this dissonance, and your average educated American will inconsistently invoke, like a moron, either the right of self-determination of the right of inviolability of borders, depending, as they support the imperial projects that they have been inculcated to support.

This conflict, like all imperialist bullshit wars, boils down to various imperialist nations waging armed conflict over access to markets and natural resources.

As is, oil from Azerbaijan and gas from the Stans goes through Georgia and I believe hooks up with Russian pipelines. The US, Georgia, Israel and Turkey wish to cut Russia out of the deal and cut a new pipeline through Georgia to Turkey. At least some of the oil will then go to Israel and from there, through the Suez and out to the Indian Ocean and various nations in that region, in particular India.

Someone suggested to me that the West is cutting this new pipeline because they are afraid that Russia will cut off the flow of oil to the West. Forget it. They will not do any such thing unless pushed to the wall. The US, Israel, Georgia and probably Turkey are all doing this because they are more or less imperialist states.

This conflict is also shot through with old Cold War “Beware the bear” bullshit. Even after the fall of Communism and the return of capitalism to Russia, US imperialism and anti-Communists everywhere have continued to see Russia through and Cold War and anti-Communist lens. It is as if the fall of the USSR never occurred. Any analysis of the conflict between the US and the West that leaves out this essential element is lacking.

As a socialist, I want to ask the supporters of capitalism on this blog some questions.

Show me how advanced capitalism can exist without imperialism. Prove to me that an advanced capitalist state can exist in the modern world without becoming an imperialist power.

It seems to me that large capitalist states are typically mandated to become imperialist states and from there to engage in conflict, often armed, with other imperialist states for markets and natural resources. If this is so (and I think it is) how then can one support capitalism as it now exists, since it seems to be impossible to have large capitalist states that are not also imperialist?

As you might have guessed, I support the right of South Ossetia to self-determination and to secede from Georgia and the right, however sleazy, of Russia to assist them in this principled endeavor.

This conflict is getting real nasty real quick. Russia is threatening Israel and the US over their support for Georgia and the US has incredibly ordered Russia to withdraw its forces from South Ossetia. And the conflict very quickly seems to have expanded to Abkhazia. We have the potential for a really nasty conflict here.

I would like to point out that the neoconservative scum who now pretty much run this country are first and foremost ferocious imperialists. They are some of the most voracious backers of US imperialism out there. In this endeavor, neoconservatives have been picking fights with Russia for a long time now.

Many Jewish neoconservatives are involved in this imperial conflict with Russia, and unfortunately, in this light, they have supported Chechen independence not out of any decent principles, since neocons have no principles, but just to screw Russia.

The fact that elements of imperialism have supported the Chechen separatists rouses Russian nationalism and paranoia and makes Russia all the less likely to give the Chechens and other Caucasian peoples the independence they deserve.

It’s not known why the neocons have such a beef with Russia, but they also backed the Russian Jewish oligarchs in their fleecing of Russia. There seems to be an old beef between Jewish nationalists and Russia.

We can see the outlines of this conflict in the campaign to “free the Soviet Jews”, which was one of the original catalysts for the formation of the Jewish neocons back in the 1970’s. There may also be a “screw the Russians” mindset dating from the hostile history of Russians and Jews in Russia, a history replete with pogroms of Jews.

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Journeys in Asian Prehistory

Repost from the old site.

In this post we will look at the prehistory of the Asian or Mongoloid Race and some its subgroups. After humans came out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, they moved along the coast of Arabia, Southwest Asia, South Asia and eventually to Southeast Asia.

One Asian man’s rendering of modern Asian expansion, contrasted with the typical model. I don’t agree with either model, but I like the one on the left a little better. For starters, the yellow line on the map to the left should be hugging the coast quite closely and the brown and red lines should be radiating out from a base somewhere along the yellow line. Unfortunately, my artistic skills are not good enough to draw my own map.

We think that these people looked something like the Negritos of today, such as those on the Andaman Islands.

At some point, probably in Southern China, the Mongoloid Race was born. The timeline, as determined by looking at genes, was from 60,000-110,000 years ago. As humans are thought to have only populated the world 70,000 years or so ago, it is strange that the timeline may go back as far as 110,000 years.

One thing that is very interesting is that there is evidence for regional continuity in Asia (especially China) dating back 100,000’s of years, if not millions of years. This is called the multiregional hypothesis of human development.

Though it is mostly abandoned today, it still has its adherents.

Some of its adherents are Asian nationalists of various types, especially Chinese and Indonesian nationalists. They all want to think that man was born in their particular country. Others are White nationalists who refuse to believe that they are descended from Africans, whom they consider to be inferior. The problem is that the Asians can indeed show good evidence for continuity in the skulls in their region.

A good midway point between the two, that sort of solves the conundrum, is that humans came out of Africa, say, ~70,000 years or so ago, and when they got to Asia, they bred in with some of the more archaic types there. The problem with this is that the only modern human showing evidence of pre-modern Homo genes in Mungo Man in Australia from 50,000 years ago.

There is evidence that as late as 120,000 years ago, supposedly fully modern humans in Tanzania were still transitioning from archaic to modern man. Ancient South African humans 100-110,000 yrs ago looked like neither Bantus nor Bushmen.

Nevertheless, we can reject the multiregional theory in its strong form as junk science. We also note cynically that once again ethnic nationalists and regular nationalists, including some of the world’s top scientists, are pushing a blatantly unscientific theory. Yet again ethnic nationalism is shown to be a stupidifying mindset.

There must be a reason why ethnic nationalism seems to turn so many smart people into total idiots. I suspect it lies in the fact that the basic way of thinking involved in ethnic nationalism is just a garbage way of looking at the world, and getting into it distorts one’s mind similar to the way a mental illness does.

We think that the homeland of the Asians is in Southern China, just north of the Vietnam border. This is because the people with the greatest genetic diversity in Asia are found in Northern Vietnam. Since the Vietnamese are known to have largely come from Southern China, we can assume that the homeland was just north of the border. From there, all modern Asians were born.

This means all NE and SE Asians, Polynesians, Micronesians and Melanesians came out of this Asian homeland.

School kids in Hothot, a town in Inner Mongolia. There is some question about whether China really has a right to control this area. These Northeast Asians originally came from a homeland in SE Asia near the China-Vietnam border. As this race is only 9,000 years old, NE Asians could not possibly have gone through an Ice Age that molded their brains for high intelligence, as the racist liar and scientific fraud Richard Lynn claims .

There is even evidence that the Altaics of Siberia originated from the SE Asian homeland. They are thought to have moved out of there to the west and north to become the various Altaic groups such as the Buryats. Later Caucasian lines came to the Altaics from the West.

A Mongolian man on the steppes with a grazing animal and possibly a yurt in the background. Yurts are conical structures that the Mongolians still live in. I believe that Mongolians also eat a lot of yogurt, which they cultivate from the milk of their grazing animals. Note the pale blue eyes and somewhat Caucasian appearance.

My astute Chinese commenter notes: “While Mongolians do have ‘Caucasian genes’, they look distinct from Uighurs, who are mixed. I’m thinking Mongolians and Central Asians lie in a spectrum between Caucasoids in West Asia and “Mongoloids” in Northeast Asians, while Uighurs were the product of Central Asian, West Asian, and Northeast Asian interbreeding.”

In fact, all of these populations are on the border genetically between Caucasians and Asians.

A Mongolian woman. Note short, stocky appearance with short limbs to preserve heat in the cold. Note also the long, moon-shaped, ruddy face, possibly red from the cold weather. Are those ginseng roots in her hand?

More Mongolians, this time with what look like grazing reindeer in the background. Mongolians herd reindeer? Note once again the long, flat, moon-shaped face, the almost-Caucasian features and especially the pale blue eyes of each woman. I cannot help but think that both of these women also look like Amerindians. Neither would be out of place at a pow wow.

More Mongolians, this time a Mongolian boy. Other than the eyes, he definitely looks Caucasian. He looks like a lot of the kids I grew up with in facial structure. Mongolians are anywhere from 10% Caucasian to 14% Caucasian.

From their Altaic lands, especially in the Altai region and the mouth of the Amur River, they moved into the Americas either across the Bering Straight or in boats along the Western US Coast. Another line went north to become the Northeast Asians. And from the Northeast Asian homeland near Lake Baikal, another line went on to become the Siberians.

An Evenki boy with his reindeer. Prototypical reindeer herders, the Evenki are a classical Siberian group. Strangely enough, they are related to both NE Asians and other Siberians and also to Tibetans. This indicates that the genesis of the Tibetans may have been up near or in Siberia.

From 10-40,000 yrs ago, the Siberian population was Mongoloid or pre-Mongoloid. After 10,000 yrs BP (before present), Caucasians or proto-Caucasians moved in from the West across the steppes, but they never got further than Lake Baikal. This group came from the Caucasus Mountains. They are members of the Tungus Race and are quite divergent from most other groups genetically.

More Evenkis, members of the Tungus Race, this time some beautiful women and kids in traditional costumes. But this photo was taken in some Siberian city, so they may have just been dressing up. They probably have some Caucasian genes, as the nearby Yakuts are 6% Caucasian. Many of the Evenki women have become single Moms, because the men are seen as violent, drunk and a financial drain.

Soon after the founding of the Asian homeland in northern Vietnam 53,000-90,000 yrs ago, the proto-Asians split into three distinct lines – a line heading to Japanese and related peoples, another heading to the North and Northeast Asians, and a third to the Southern Han Chinese and SE Asian lines.

A beautiful royal member of the Southern Han Dynasty in Hong Kong, member of the South China Sea Race. This race consists of the Filipinos, the Ami and the Southern Han from Guangdong Province. The Ami are a Taiwanese Aborigine tribe who made up the bulk of the Austronesians who populated much of island SE Asia over the past 8,000 years.

These Southern Chinese people never went through any Ice Age, and the SE Asian Race is only 10,000 years old anyway. So why are they so smart? Unlike some NE Asian groups, especially those around Mongolia, the Altai region, the Central Asian Stans and Siberia, the Han have no Caucasian in them.

A bright Chinese commenter left me some astute remarks about the South Chinese IQ: “Some possible reasons for high South Chinese IQ’s: Chinese culture is very… g-loaded. For example, understanding the language requires good pitch, recognizing Chinese characters takes visual IQ and good memory, Chinese literature and history span 3,000-4,000 years for references, etc.

For several thousand years testing determined your social position (and it still does to some extent in Confucian nations). Those left in the countryside were periodically left to famine and “barbarian” invasions (slaughter).

Likewise, when Chinese people interbreed, there is strong pressure to breed into the upper class of a native population. Whatever caused the high selection when Chinese and Mon-Khmer/Dai groups interbred probably gave the Chinese immigrants leverage to marry into the upper classes when they did. This is something the Asian diaspora still tends to do.”

Regarding South Chinese appearance, he notes, “Lastly, the Chinese in Fujian have distinct features. They have thicker lips, curlier hair, more prominent brow, less pronounced epicanthic folds, etc. I’m in Taiwan now and I do notice it. I was at a packed market a while ago and was noting the way people look.”

As a result of this split, all Chinese are related at a deep level, even though Northern Chinese are closer to Caucasians than to Southern Chinese. Nevertheless, we can still see a deep continuum amongst Asian populations.

A Northern Chinese man with distinctly Caucasian features. Although they have no Caucasian genes that we can see anymore, they are still closer to Caucasians than to the Southern Chinese.

The major genetic frequency found in Japan, Korea and Northern China is also found at very high levels in Southern China, Malaysia and Thailand, and at lower levels in the Philippines, Vietnam and Indonesia. Incredibly, even higher levels are found in Southern China, Malaysia and Thailand than in Northern China.

The proto-NE Asian or North Asian homeland was around Lake Baikal about 35,000 years ago. The Ainu and a neighboring group, the Nivkhi, are thought to be the last remaining groups left from this line. The Ainu are related to the Jomon, the earliest group in Japan, who are thought to have originated in Thailand about 16,000 years ago and then came up to Japan on boats to form the proto-Jomon.

The Jomon culture itself formally begins about 9,000 years ago. Japan at that time was connected to the mainland. Jomonese skulls found in Japan look something like Aborigines. Later, around 2,300 years ago, a group called the Yayoi came across the sea from Korea and moved into Japan.

The woman on the left is more Yayoi and the one on the right is more Okinawan. The Okinawans, members of the Ryukyuan Race, seem to be related to the Ainu, and they have a long history in the south of Japan. The Ryukyuan Race is a very divergent grouping.

Most Japanese are members of the Japanese-Korean Race (like the Yayoi woman at left) but there is a divergent group in the South called the Southern Japanese Race, made up of the Honshu Kinki (the people around Kyoto) and the island of Kyushu. They may be more Okinawan than the rest of the mainland Japanese.

Over the next 2,300 years, the Yayoi slowly conquered and interbred with the Ainu until at the present time, the Ainu are nearly extinct as a cultural and racial entity. The Ainu have always been treated terribly by the Japanese, in part because they are quite hairy, like Caucasians.

The hairy body is thought to be a leftover from proto-NE Asian days, as some other groups in that area also have a lot of body hair. Despite the fact that they look down on the Ainu, about 40% of Japanese are related to the Ainu, and the rest are more or less related to the Yayoi. Actually, Japanese genetics seems a lot more complicated than that, but that’s as good a summary as any.

The Ainu. Though despised by the Japanese in part due to their Caucasian-like “monkey hair” on their bodies (note the guy’s hairy legs), the Japanese themselves are about 40% Ainu. The Ainu are members of the Ainu-Gilyak Race and are one of the most diverse groups on Earth.

A photo of Ainu Yasli Adam in traditional garb. I love this photo. Note that he could be mistaken for an Aborigine or a Caucasian. For a long time, the Ainu were considered to be Caucasians, but recent genetic studies have shown conclusively that they are Asians.

The Ainu language is formally an isolate, but in my opinion it is probably related to Japanese and Korean and thence to Altaic, nevertheless I think that both Japanese and Korean are closer to Altaic than Ainu is. Genetically, the Ainu are closest to NE Asians but are also fairly close to the Na-Dene Amerindians. Cavalli-Sforza says they are in between NE Asians, Amerindians and Australians.

At this time, similar-looking Australoids who looked something like Papuans, Aborigines or Negritos were present all over Asia, since the NE Asians and SE Asians we know them today did not form until around 10,000 years ago.

There are still some traces of these genes, that look like a Papuan line, in modern-day Malays, coastal Vietnamese, parts of Indonesia and some Southwestern Chinese. The genes go back to 13,000 years ago and indicate a major Australoid population expansion in the area at that time. Absolutely nothing whatsoever is known about this Australoid expansion.

God I love these Paleolithic types. A Papuan Huli man, member of the Papuan Race, who looks somewhat like an Australian Aborigine. Although it is often said that Papuans and Aborigines are related, they are only in the deepest sense. In truth, they really do form two completely separate races because they are so far apart.

Once again, while Afrocentrists also like to claim these folks as “Black”, the Papuans and Aborigines are the two people on Earth most distant from Africans, possibly because they were the first to split off and have been evolving away from Africans for so long. I don’t know what that thing in his mouth is, but it looks like a gigantic bong to me. There are about 800 languages spoken on Papua, including some of the most maddeningly complex languages on Earth.

NE Asian skulls from around 10,000 years ago also look somewhat like Papuans, as do the earliest skulls found in the Americas. The first Americans, before the Mongoloids, were apparently Australoids.

The proto-NE Asian Australoids transitioned to NE Asians around 9,000 years ago. We know this because the skulls at Zhoukoudian Cave in NE China from about 10,000 years ago look like the Ainu, the Jomon people, Negritos and Polynesians.

Waitress in Hothot, Inner Mongolia. Zhoukoudian Cave is not far from here. Note the typical NE Asian appearance. Mongolians are members of the Mongolian Race and speak a language that is part of the Altaic Family.

We think that these Australoids also came down in boats or came over the Bering Straight to become the first Native Americans. At that time – 9-13,000 years ago, Zhoukoudian Cave types were generalized throughout Asia before the arrival of the NE Asians.

Northern Chinese prototypes from a photo of faculty and students at Jilin University in Northern China. People in this area, members of the Northern Chinese Race, are closely related to Koreans. Note the lighter skin and often taller bodies than the shorter, darker Southern Chinese. The man in the center is a White man who is posing with the Chinese in this picture.

My brother worked at a cable TV outfit once and there was a Northern Chinese and a Southern Chinese working there. The Northern one was taller and lighter, and the Southern one was shorter and darker. The northern guy treated the southern guy with little-disguised contempt the whole time. He always called the southern guy “little man”, his voice dripping with condescension.

This was my first exposure to intra-Chinese racism. Many NE Asians, especially Japanese, are openly contemptuous of SE Asians, in part because they are darker.

Native Americans go from Australoids to Mongoloids from 7,000-9,000 years ago, around the same time – 9,000 years ago – that the first modern NE Asians show up.

Prototypical NE Asians – Chinese in Harbin, in far northeastern China. This area gets very cold in the winter, sort of like Minnesota. Keep in mind that this race is only 9,000 years old. Note the short, stocky body type, possibly a cold weather adaptation to preserve heat.

Some of the earliest Amerindian skulls such as Spirit Cave Man, Kennewick Man, and Buhl Woman look like Ainu and various Polynesians, especially Maoris.

A Hawaiian woman, part of the Polynesian Race. Kennewick Man does not look like any existing populations today, but he is closest to Polynesians, especially the virtually extinct Moiriori of the Chatham Islands and to a lesser extent the Cook Islanders. Yes, many of the various Polynesians can be distinguished based on skulls. Other early Amerindian finds, such as Buhl Woman and Spirit Cave Woman also look something like Polynesians.

It is starting to look like from a period of ~7,000-11,000 years ago in the Americas, the Amerindians looked like Polynesians and were not related to the existing populations today, who arrived ~7,000 years ago and either displaced or bred out the Polynesian types. Furthermore, early proto-NE Asian skulls, before the appearance of the NE Asian race 9,000 years ago, look somewhat like Polynesians, among other groups.

An archaeologist who worked on Kennewick Man says Amerindians assaulted him, spit on him and threatened to kill him because he said that Kennewick Man was not an Amerindian related to living groups, and that his line seemed to have no ancestors left in the Americas.

Furthermore, most Amerindians insist that their own tribe “has always been here”, because this is what their silly ancestral religions and their elders tell them. They can get quite hostile if you question them on this, as I can attest after working with an Amerindian tribe for 1½ years in the US.

To add further insult to reason, a completely insane law called NAGPRA, or Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act, mandates that all bones found on any tribe’s territory are the ancestors of that tribe and must be returned to the tribe for reburial. This idiotic law is completely anti-scientific, but most Amerindians, even highly educated ones, get pretty huffy about defending it (Trust me!).

Hence there has been a huge battle over the bones of Kennewick Man. Equally idiotically, White Nationalists insist that Kennewick Man is a Caucasian, so that means he is one of theirs. They also use this to conveniently note that Whites occupied the US before the Indians, and therefore, that the Amerindians implicitly have no rights to the place and that the land-theft of Amerindian America by Whites was right and proper.

This is even more insane than Zionism by orders of magnitude. First of all, Kennewick Man is not a Caucasian! He just sort of looks like one. But that is only because Polynesians, the Ainu and even Aborigines look somewhat Caucasian. This is not due to Caucasian genes, but is instead simply a case of convergent evolution.

These dual episodes above, like the Asian paleontologist morons above, adds weight to my hypothesis that ethnic nationalism, and nationalism in general, turns people into dithering morons. Among other reasons, that is why this proudly internationalist blog casts such a wary eye on nationalism of all kinds.

The prehistory of SE Asia follows a similar storyline. Once again, all of SE Asia was inhabited by Australoids. They probably looked something like the Negritos of today. Skulls from 9,000-11,000 years ago in SE Asia (including Southern China) resemble modern-day Australoids.

The oldest skulls in Vietnam look like Negritos. 25,800 yr old bones from Thailand look like Aborigines and the genes look like the Semang, Negritos of Thailand and Malaysia. There are skulls dating back 44,000 years in Malaysia and these also look like Aborigines. Some say that the Semang go back 50,000 years in Malaysia.

Andaman Islands Negritos. This type was probably the main human type all throughout SE Asia, and a variation of this type was in NE Asia too. These are really the first people to come out of Africa. Afrocentrists like to say that these people are Black, but the truth is that these people are very far away from Black people – in fact, they are Asians.

Andaman Islanders have peppercorn hair like the hair of the Bushmen in Africa. This would differentiate this group from the woolly-haired Negritos in the Philippines. Genetic studies have shown that the Andaman Islanders are quite probably the precise remains of the first people to come out of Africa.

Genetically, they tend to resemble whatever group they are living around, with some distinct variations. In truth, this group here, the Andamans, is one of the “purest” ethnic groups on Earth, because they have been evolving in isolation for so long. This is known as genetic drift. At the same time, I think there is little diversity internally in their genome, also due to drift.

The Andaman Negritos are part of the Andaman Islands Negrito Race. Their strange and poorly understood languages are not related to any others, but there is some speculation that they are related to Kusunda in Nepal, a language isolate. I tend to agree with that theory.

One of the problems with genetic drift is after a while you get an “island” effect where the population lacks genetic diversity, since diversity comes from inputs from outside populations. Hence they tend to be vulnerable to changes in the environment that a more genetically diverse population would be able to weather a lot better.

Although racist idiot Richard Lynn likes to claim that all people like this have primitive languages, the truth is that the Andaman languages are so maddeningly complex that we are still having a hard time making sense out of them.

As in the case of Melanesians, Papuans and some Indian tribals, Afrocentrists like to claim that the Negritos are “Africans”, i.e., Black people. The truth is that Negritos are one of the most distant groups on Earth to existing Black populations. Negrito populations tend to be related, though not closely, with whatever non-Negrito population are in the vicinity. This is due to interbreeding over the years. Furthermore, most, if not all, Negritos are racially Asians, not Africans.

Another misconception is that Negritos are Australoids. Genetically, the vast majority of them do not fall into the Papuan or Australian races, but anthropometrically, at least some are Australoid. There is a lot of discrimination against these people wherever they reside, where they are usually despised by the locals.

White Supremacists have a particular contempt for them. As a side note, although White Supremacists like to talk about how ugly these people are, I think these Negrito women are really cute and delightful looking, but do you think they have large teeth? Some say Negritos have large teeth.

Around 8,500 years ago, the newly minted NE Asians, who had just transitioned from Australoids to NE Asians, came down from the north into the south in a massive influx, displacing the native Australoids. We can still see the results today. Based on teeth, SE Asians have teeth mixed between Australoids (Melanesians) and NE Asians. Yet, as noted above, there are few Australoid genes in SE Asians.

8,500 years ago, NE Asians moved down into SE Asia, displacing the native Australoids and creating the SE Asian race. If NE Asians are so smart though, I want to know what these women are doing wearing bathing suits in the freezing cold. Compare the appearance of these Northern Chinese to other NE Asian mainland groups above.

A prominent anthropology blogger suggests that a similar process occurred possibly around the same time in South Asia and the Middle East, where proto-Caucasians moved in and supplanted an native Australoid mix.

One group that was originally thought to be related to the remains of the original SE Asians is called the Yumbri, a group of primitive hunter-gatherers who live in the jungles of northern Laos and Thailand. Some think that the Yumbri may be the remains of the aboriginal people of Thailand, Laos and possibly Cambodia, but there is controversy about this.

Yumbri noble savages racing through the Thai rain forest. The group is seldom seen and little is known about them. They are thought to number only 200 or so anymore, and there are fears that they may be dying out. This paper indicates via genetics that the Yumbri are a Khmuic group that were former agriculturalists who for some odd reason gave up agriculture to go back to the jungles and live the hunter-gatherer way.

This is one of the very few case cases of agriculturalists reverting to hunting and gathering. The language looks like Khmuic (especially one Khmu language – Tin) but it also seems to have some unknown other language embedded in it. Genetics shows they have only existed for around 800 years and they have very little genetic diversity.

The low genetic diversity means that they underwent a genetic bottleneck, in this case so severe that the Yumbri may have been reduced to only one female and 1-4 males. It is interesting that the Tin Prai (a Tin group) has a legend about the origin of the Yumbri in which two children were expelled from the tribe and sent on a canoe downstream. They survived and melted into the forest where they took up a hunter-gatherer lifestyle.

The Khmu are an Austroasiatic group that are thought to be the indigenous people of Laos, living there for 4,000 years before the Lao (Thai) came down 800 years ago and largely displaced them from the lowlands into the hills. The Austroasiatic homeland is usually thought to be somewhere in Central China (specifically around the Middle Yangtze River Valley), but there are some who think it was in India.

They moved from there down into SE Asia over possibly 5,000 years or so. Many Austroasiatics began moving down into SE Asia during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties due to Han pushing south, but the expansion had actually started about 8,500 years ago. At this time, SE Asia was mostly populated by Negrito types. The suggestion is that the Austroasiatics displaced the Negritos, and there was little interbreeding.

The Austroasiatic languages are thought to be the languages of the original people of SE Asia and India, with families like Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai, Indo-European and Dravidian being latecomers. There are possible deep linguistic roots with the Austronesian Family, and genetically, the Austroasiatics are related to Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai and the Hmong-Mien speakers.

There is an interesting paradox with the Southern Chinese in that genetically, they look like SE Asians, but they have IQ’s more like NE Asians, around ~105. There do not seem to be any reasonable theories about why this is so. It is true that NE Asians came down and moved into SE Asia, but they moved into the whole area, not just Southern China, yet SE Asian IQ’s are not nearly as high as Southern Chinese IQ’s.

Of relevance to the IQ debate is that Asians, especially NE Asians, score lower on self-esteem than Blacks, yet they do much better in school. This would tend to argue against the contention of many that Black relatively poor school performance is a consequence of them not feeling good about themselves.

This seems to poke one more hole in Richard Lynn’s theory that a journey through the Ice Age is necessary for a high IQ, as the Southern Chinese made no such sojourn.

As a result of the Northern and Southern mix in Southern China, groups such as the Yunnanese are quite a mixed group. Yunnanese are mostly southern and are extremely distant from NE Asians. The Wa are a group in the area that is almost equally mixed with northern and southern admixture.

Two pretty Laotian girls being starved to death by murderous Communist killers in Laos. The Lao are related to the Thai and are members of the Tai Race that includes the Lao, Thai, Aini, Deang, Blang, Vietnamese, Muong, Shan, Dai and Naxi peoples. The Lao language is a member of the Tai language family.

The Thai are related to the Tai group in Yunnan in Southern China. They evolved there about 4,000 years ago and then gave birth to a number of groups in the region. The modern Thai are latecomers to the region, moving into the area in huge numbers only about 700 years ago to become the Lao, Thai and Shan. The Lao are the descendants of recent Tai immigrants who interbred heavily with existing Chinese and Mon-Khmer populations.

Gorgeous Dai women in China. The Dai are an ethnic group in China, mostly in Yunnan, who are related to the Thai – they are also members of the Tai Race and speak a Tai language . It looks like the Thai split off from the larger Dai group and moved into Thailand in recent centuries.

The Dai were together with the Zhuang, another Yunnan group, as the proto-Tai north of Yunnan about 5000 years ago. They moved south into Yunnan and split into the Zhuang and the Tai. There were also Tai movements south into Vietnam via Yunnan.

More Dai, this time two young Dai men from Thailand. They do seem to look a bit different from other Thais, eh? They look a little more Chinese to me. The Thai are not the only ethnic group in Thailand; there are 74 languages spoken there, and almost all are in good shape. These people apparently speak the Tai Nüa language.

A proud Dai father in China, where they Dai are an official nationality together with the Zhuang. He’s got some problems with his teeth, but that is pretty typical in most of the world, where people usually lack modern dental care.

A photo of a Thai waitress in Bangkok getting ready to serve some of that yummy Thai food. Note that she looks different from the Dai above – more Southeast Asian and less Chinese like the Dai. The Thai are also members of the Tai Race.

Another pic of a Thai street vendor. The Thai are darker and less Chinese-looking than the lighter Dai. The Tai people are thought to have come from Taiwan over 5,000 years ago. They left Taiwan for the mainland and then moved into Southwest China, which is thought to be their homeland. Then, 5,000 years ago, they split with the Zhuang. The Zhuang went to Guangxi and the Tai went to Yunnan.

A Thai monk. Am I hallucinating or does this guy look sort of Caucasian? In Thai society, it is normal for a young man to go off and become a monk for a couple of years around ages 18-20. Many Thai men and most Lao men do this. I keep thinking this might be a good idea in our society. Khrushchev used to send them off to work in the fields for a couple of years at this age.

Nevertheless, most Yunnanese have SE Asian gene lines and they are quite distant from the NE Asians (as noted, NE Asians are further from SE Asians than they are from Caucasians).

More beautiful women, this time from Yunnan, in Communist-controlled China. Look at the miserable faces on these poor, starving women as they suffer through Communist terror and wholesale murder.

Yunnan was the starting point for most of peoples in the region, including the Tai, the Hmong, the Mon-Khmer, the Vietnamese, the Taiwanese aborigines and from there to the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Melanesia, Polynesia and Micronesia.

In a sense, almost all of SE Asia was settled via a southward and southeastward movement out of Yunnan. Why so many groups migrated out of Yunnan is not known, but they may have being pushed out of there via continuous southward movements by Northern Han. Yunnan was seen as a sort of rearguard base and sanctuary for many Chinese ethnic groups who were being pushed out of their areas, mostly by Han expansions.

The terrain was rough but fertile. At some point, the Han started pushing down into Yunnan and that is when many southward expansions into SE Asia over the last 5000 or so years took place. A discussion of Asian racial features and their possible evolution is here.

Tibetans are close to NE Asians genetically, though they are located in the South. This is because they evolved in NE Asia and only recently moved down into Tibet. After coming into Tibet, they moved down into Burma. Many of today’s Burmese came from Tibet.

A Tibetan tourist in India. This woman has more of a classic Tibetan look than the younger woman below. Tibetans characteristically have darker skin than many NE Asians – Tibetans are actually NE Asians displaced to the south in fairly recent times. Although it is high and cold in Tibet, the region is at a more southerly latitude. Nevertheless, UV radiation is very intense in Tibet, which probably accounts for the darker skin.

It looks like all humans were pretty dark at the start and in some cases have lost melanin in cold climes where they needed to lighten to get Vitamin D. White skin in Europe is merely 9,000 years old, so European Whites never went through any brain-sharpening Ice Age either.

Tibetans are members of the General Tibetan Race, which includes the Tibetan, Nakhi, Lisu, Nu, Karen, Adi, Tujia, Hui and Kachin peoples. They speak a Tibeto-Burman language, part of the larger Sino-Tibetan family.

My observant Chinese commenter notes about the Tibetans: “As for the Tibetans, they seem to be primarily Northeast Asian (they look to be the most “yellow” of any Asians) with some other (South Asian-looking) element that interbred with them fairly recently. They tend to also be more ruddy, and have skin tones from reddish to yellow to brown.

You can see some similarities with Burmese, but they are distinct. Another thing to note is that the prevalence of colored hair and eyes is relatively higher in Tibet.

A gorgeous Tibetan woman, but to me she does not look typically Tibetan. Note that she seems to have put some whitening powder on her face – note contrast between her face and her darker hand.

Although this blog supports Tibetan freedom and opposed the colonial Chinese takeover and racist ethnic cleansing of the Tibetan people by the Chinese Communists, it should nevertheless be noted that the wonderful regime that the Dalai Lama apparently wants to bring back was one of the most vicious forms of pure feudalism existing into modern times, where the vast majority of the population were serf-slaves for the Buddhist religious ruling class.

Yes, that wonderful religion called Buddhism has its downside.

The Buddhist paradise of Burma, run by one of the most evil military dictatorships on Earth (No satire in that sentence). I thought Buddhists were supposed to be peace loving?

A Burmese woman with classic Burmese features. The Burmese, better known as the Bamar, are members of the General Tibetan Race. Boy, she sure is cute. And yes, I do have a thing for Asian women. I think I need to retitle this post Hot Asian Babes.

There are several interesting points in the sketch above. First of all, much as it pains them to be compared to people whom they probably consider to be inferior, all NE Asians were originally Australoids similar to the Australian Aborigines.

NE Asians like to accuse SE Asians of being mostly an “Australoid” group, an analysis that is shared by many amateur anthropologists on the web. We will look into this question more in the future, but it appears that both NE and SE Asians are derived from Australoid stock. Further, there are few Australoid genes left in any mainland SE Asians and none in most SE Asians.

It is true that Melanesians, Polynesians and Micronesians are part-Australoid in that the latter two are derived from Melanesians, who are derived from Austronesians mixed with Papuans. Any analysis that concludes that non-Oceanic SE Asians are “part-Australoid” is dubious.

If anything, NE Asians are closer to Australoids than most SE Asians. The Japanese and Koreans are probably closer to Australian Aborigines than any other group in Asia. I am certain that the ultranationalist and racialist Japanese at least will not be pleased to learn this.

Second, we note that all Asians are related, and that the proto-Asian homeland was in northern Vietnam. It follows that NE Asians are in fact derived from the very SE Asians whom the NE Asians consider to be inferior. A NE Asian who is well versed in these matters (He was of the “SE Asians are part-Australoid” persuasion) was not happy to hear my opinion at all, and left sputtering and mumbling.

NE Asian superiority over SE Asians is a common point of view, especially amongst Japanese – the Japanese especially look down on Koreans (Their fellow NE Asians!), Vietnamese, Filipinos (the “niggers of Asia”), the Hmong (the “hillbillies of Asia”) and the Khmer.

The beautiful, intelligent, civilized and accomplished Koreans. Tell me, the Japanese look down on these people are inferiors why now? Note the rather distinct short and stocky appearance, possibly a heat-preserving adaptation to cold weather. Note also the moon-shaped face.

The Koreans seem to have come down from Mongolia about 5,000 years ago and completely displaced an unknown native group, but don’t tell any Korean that. Koreans are members of the Japanese-Korean Race and the Korean language is said to be a language isolate, but I think it is distantly related to Japanese, Ainu and Gilyak in a separate, distant branch of Altaic.

My Chinese commenter adds: “I get the impression that Koreans are at least comprised two major physically discernible groups. Some of them have a shade of skin similar to the Inuit or Na Dene. But I think they have intermixed quite a lot during some relatively stable 5,000+ year period, which results in a fairly even spectrum.”

Third, Richard Lynn’s Ice Age Theory takes another hit as he can explain neither the Southern Chinese high IQ, nor the genesis of high-IQ NE Asians from lower-IQ SE Asians, nor the fact that NE Asians do not appear in the anthropological record until 9,000 years ago (after the Ice Age that supposedly molded those fantastic brains of theirs), nor the genesis of these brainy folks via Australoids, whom Lynn says are idiots.

Fourth, the Negritos, who are widely reviled in their respective countries as inferiors, are looking more and more like the ancestors of many of us proud humans. Perhaps a little respect for the living incarnations of our ancient relatives is in order.

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Great Site On Ethnic Groups In China

Repost from the old site.

From the Chinese government.

That isn’t really the homepage; I can’t find the homepage, so just click to the left on any ethnic groups you want to read about.

Lists all of the official minorities, with a good anthropological background for them, along with a good history, a bit about the language, customs, religious beliefs, culture, etc., then onto recent history.

The history and recent history is written according to Marxist economic analysis, and shows how the coming of the Chinese Revolution really did improve things for many minorities.

I’ve been scared to read the part about the Tibetans and Uighurs.

I’m sure in the case of Tibet it will talk about how the revolution ended feudalism (Yes, there was real feudalism in Tibet.) in Tibet and made life better for most Tibetans. One thing no one tells you about the Free Tibet crowd was that the Dalai Lama presided over a particularly horrible modern form of feudalism, complete with castes and out and out slavery.

The site does provide a tremendous amount of evidence that the Chinese revolution has resulted in tremendous improvements in the lives of many Chinese minorities. Anti-Communists seem to be blind to that fact. Life in China in 1949 and the decades prior was no picnic!

It’s pretty cool to have an anthropological overview of lots of interesting ethnic groups written strictly from a Marxist perspective. More typical is this one, still very well-done, but written by hardline Estonian anti-Communists. It deals with the ethnic groups of the Former Soviet Union.

I wasn’t aware that the USSR had destroyed every single ethnic group in the country until these stalwart Balts informed me. I realize the Balts are pissed, but it needn’t taint your scholarship.

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