This is one of the classic Hindutva claims of course. But it can’t possibly be true.
See new commenter Rupert from India for more:
1. The Aryan invasion (in India) also suggests that Aryans might have migrated to India from northwest. This doesn’t mean nobody was there at the time of migration. So can be called as a invasion.
2: There is strong evidence in the Rigveda for a migration from the northwest. The geographical information given in the Rigveda changes from the beginning of the book to the end in a sequence supporting a migration from the northwest.
3. The migration derived from the Rigveda cannot be dated back before Indus Valley civilization. Because then it should be dated before 7000 BC. The language spoken by the present people there is a Indo-Aryan (Sanskrit) derived language. So if it is dated back before 7000 BC, the period of Sanskrit derived language speaking people would be from 7000 BC until present. But the Indus people (7000 BC- 1300 BC) spoke a language which is still hardly known.
This suggests there would not be any time overlap. Carbon dating calculations proves the Indus Valley period. So the mistake could only be about the date of the migration. It cannot be dated back before the Indus Valley civilization. From that it is confirmed that the Rigveda occurs after the Indus Valley Civilization.
4. Indus valley civilization itself encompassed the entire Bronze age (3300 – 1300 BC). If the migration happened after the Indus valley civilization as mentioned in point 3, the Rigveda can not be dated back before 1300 BC.
5. There is some evidence which suggests the IVC period and the Rigveda cannot be overlapped.
- There is no reference in Rigveda to the big cities or important places of the IVC.
- There is no evidence in Rigveda about the Indus peoples’ architectural skills.
- There is no evidence in Rigveda about the tubed drainages found in the Indus valley.
- There is no evidence in Rigveda about water reservoirs or ponds found in Indus valley.
- There is no evidence in Rigveda about water urn burials found in Indus valley.
6. The Rigveda people might not have even known about the IVC as the civilization was destroyed without a trace. This suggest the migration happened long after the IVC.
7. The Rigvedic people might not have even known about cotton. This could have happened if they had an alternate source.
The “no cotton in the Rig Vedas” line is used by Hindutvas to say that the Rig Vedas must predate the IVC considerably, as we know the date cotton was introduced into the region.
The language of the IVC is generally thought to be something along the lines of proto-Dravidian, which may have a deep time depth along the lines of ~9000 years.
If you think this website is valuable to you, please consider a contribution to support the continuation of the site.