A commenter suggests that my figures for the deaths under Stalin are way too low:
However, 3.3 million murdered by the USSR? No serious person who is not a Bolshevik/Stalinist apologist believes that.
We can certainly debate exactly what the number is — and smart people have been doing that a great deal over the last 20 years now that some Soviet archives are available — but the Ukrainian famine of 1933-34 killed at least 3 million alone (and possibly 5 million or more, hard to say with any precision).
And that doesn’t count the Great Purge, the USSR’s appalling treatment of minorities during 1939-45 (ask the Poles, Balts and Chechens, among others, about how much fun malnourished slave labor in Siberia was), etc. A half-million PER YEAR died at Kolyma from overwork and disease during the worst years in the 1940s.
So, really, do some research.
As for famines in Europe, the Allied-caused famine in Germany and Austria-Hungary ca 1915-1918 killed over a million civilians, while the famines that tore through the USSR-in-development during the Russian Civil War ca 1917-1921 killed millions – again, we really don’t know how many.
I am a proud White, but facts matter.
I have done some research. The figures come from the newly opened archives.
There was no Holodomor. It never even happened. The Holodomor is the deliberate famine, and there was no deliberate famine.
Deaths from 1921-1953 in the USSR*
Executions 900,000 Gulag deaths 1.2 million Anti-Kulak campaign 390,000 Total 2.5 million
I guess I must be a Bolshevik/Stalin apologist.
The figures he cites for Kolyma are not correct. There were 600,000 deaths in all of the gulags during WW2.
The figures do not include killings by the Red Army outside of the USSR during the war and killings of German war prisoners by various means.
Yes, there was a famine during WW1. There was also a terrible famine in the USSR during the Civil War. Up to 9 million may have died.
*Does not include deaths in resettlement campaigns other than kulaks, such as the population transfers during WW2. Does not include deaths in labor colonies, but conditions in labor colonies were much less severe than in gulags. Does not include executions or gulag deaths from 1921-1930.
- Getty, J. Arch; Rittersporn, Gabor T. and Zemskov, Viktor N. October 1993. Victims of the Soviet Penal System in the Pre-war Years: A First Approach on the Basis of Archival Evidence. American Historical Review.